Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 317–325 | Cite as

Integrated coastal zone management in Italy: a gap between science and policy

  • Nicola Cantasano
  • Gaetano Pellicone
  • Fabio Ietto


This paper introduces the need, in Italian countries, of a real integration of scientific knowledge into coastal policy. Actually, in Italy, still exists a gap between Science and Policy, interfering the implementation of an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) process, while there is no coordination between local, regional and national authorities. This lack of an overall strategy has induced some regions to adopt regional plans for the sustainable development of their coastal areas, to compensate the shortcomings of a national planning. Besides, along Italian coasts, there is a heavy landscape urbanization producing conditions of environmental decay and highlighting the risk of erosions in littoral areas. In this critical context, it is necessary to adopt an effective Integrated Coastal Zone Management policy, to connect ecosystem and environmental approaches with the social and economic development of coastal areas. So, in Italian landscape, it is necessary to integrate the national cultural heritage into coastal management, joining scientific and cultural issues. In this framework, ICZM process could play an important role connecting scientists and policy makers towards an effective integration for the social and economic growth of local people.


ICZM Science Policy Italy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Cantasano
    • 1
  • Gaetano Pellicone
    • 1
  • Fabio Ietto
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Council, Rende Research UnitInstitute for Agricultural and Forest Systems in the MediterraneanRendeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth ScienceUniversity of CalabriaRendeItaly

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