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Invasion by Artocarpus heterophyllus (Moraceae) in an island in the Atlantic Forest Biome, Brazil: distribution at the landscape level, density and need for control

Abstract

Invasion by alien species is one of the most critical factors affecting global biodiversity, leading to homogenization and species loss worldwide. Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam., Moraceae) is one of the most conspicuous invasive plants in Brazil. We studied jackfruit invasion in the Atlantic Forest in Ilha Grande State Park, located on an island (Ilha Grande), by assessing jackfruit distribution and density along 23 trails (90 km). Presence or absence was verified in a total of 857 plots. Data showed that jackfruit is spread all over Ilha Grande, and that plant density varied significantly along and between trails. Jackfruit was registered as the dominant tree species on some of the trails. Control by park managers is an urgent need in order to ensure the conservation of local biodiversity. A decision key for jackfruit management according to jackfruit density, age class and slope is provided.

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Correspondence to Helena Godoy Bergallo.

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Bergallo, H.G., Bergallo, A.C., Rocha, H.B. et al. Invasion by Artocarpus heterophyllus (Moraceae) in an island in the Atlantic Forest Biome, Brazil: distribution at the landscape level, density and need for control. J Coast Conserv 20, 191–198 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-016-0429-9

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Keywords

  • Jackfruit
  • Density
  • Invasive alien species
  • Decision key
  • Management recommendations