Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Unlocking ecosystem based adaptation opportunities in coastal Bangladesh

Journal of Coastal Conservation Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Coastal ecosystems generate diverse services, such as protection, production of food, climate regulation and recreation across the globe. These services are vital for extremely vulnerable coastal areas for enhancing present and future adaptation capacity under changing climate. Bangladesh has long coastline which provides opportunities to large population for multiple resource uses; and threats from extreme natural disasters. The CBACC-Coastal Afforestation is the priority initiative of Bangladesh NAPA that has come in actions under first LDCF adaptation project. The project has focused to reduce climatic vulnerability through enhancing resilience of coastal forests and adaptive capacity of communities. With a total of 6,100 ha of new mangrove plantation and introducing 10 important mangrove species in existing monoculture areas, the project increased protective and carbon rich forest coverage, and also functional capacity of coastal vegetation to adapt to current and future climatic shocks. Concurrently, the project developed co-benefit regime for community based adaptation through innovating integrated land uses for livelihoods of adjacent households. A new land use model (Forest, Fish and Fruit-Triple F) has been implemented to restore fallow coastal lands into community based livelihood adaptation practices. The Triple F practice has reduced inundation and salinity risks and freshwater scarcity in cultivation of agricultural crops and fish. The rational land uses improved household adaptation capacity of landless households through short-, mid- and long-term income generation. The project lesson has further focus to justify the land use innovation for harnessing potential opportunities of ecosystem based adaptation in coastal Bangladesh.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  • Colls A, Ash N, Ikkala N (2009) Ecosystem-based adaptation: a natural response to climate change. IUCN, Gland, p 16

    Google Scholar 

  • Hossain AM, Reza MI, Rahman S, Kayes I (2012) Climate change and its impacts on the livelihoods of the vulnerable people in the Southwestern coastal zone in Bangladesh. In: Filho WL (ed) Climate change and the sustainable use of water resources. Springer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  • Iftekhar MH (2006) Conservation and management of the Bangladesh coastal ecosystem: overview of an integrated approach. Nat Res Forum 30:230–237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Islam R (2006) Pre and post tsunami coastal planning and land use policies and issues in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the workshop on coastal area planning and management in Asian tsunami-affected countries, Bangkok, Thailand, pp 55–79

  • Islam MS, Haque M (2004) The mangrove-based coastal and nearshore fisheries of Bangladesh: ecology, exploitation and management. Rev Fish Biol Fish 14:153–180

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Karim Z, Hossain SG, Ahmed M (1990) Salinity problem and crop intensification in the coastal region of Bangladesh, BARC, Dhaka. In: Bala BK, Hossain MA. Integrated management of coastal zone for food security. Final Report CF 5/07, p 134

  • Klein JTR, Smit MJ, Goosen H, Hulsbergen HC (1998) Resilience and vulnerability: coastal dynamics or Dutch dikes? Geogr J 164(3):259–268

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moberg F, Ronnback P (2003) Ecosystem services of the tropical seascape: interactions, substitutions and restoration. Ocean Coast Manag 46:27–46

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nandy P, Ahammad R (2012) Navigating mangrove resilience through the ecosystem based adaptation: lessons from Bangladesh. In: Macintosh DJ, Mahindapala R, Markopoulos M (eds) Sharing lessons on mangrove restoration. Bangkok, Thailand, Mangroves for the Future and Gland, Switzerland, IUCN, pp 243–254

  • Nandy P, Islam MA (2010) Climate resilient coastal zone development in Bangladesh: participatory governance for common resources management. In: Ramanathan AI, Bhattcharya P, Dittmar T, Prashad MBK, Neupane BR (eds) Management and sustainable development of coastal zone environments. Capital Publishing Company, New Delhi, pp 58–72

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Nicholls RJ, Wong PP, Burkett VR, Codignotto JO, Hay JE, McLean RF, Ragoonaden S, Woodroffe CD (2007) Coastal systems and low-lying areas. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds) Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 315–356

    Google Scholar 

  • Sarwar M (2005) Impacts of sea level rise on the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Master thesis, Lund University, Sweden, p 45

  • Vignola R, Locatelli B, Martinez C, Imbach P (2009) Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: what role for policy-makers, society and scientists? Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Chang 14:691–696

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ronju Ahammad.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ahammad, R., Nandy, P. & Husnain, P. Unlocking ecosystem based adaptation opportunities in coastal Bangladesh. J Coast Conserv 17, 833–840 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-013-0284-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-013-0284-x

Keywords

Navigation