Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 457–475 | Cite as

GIS and remote sensing as tools for conducting geo-hazards risk assessment along Gulf of Aqaba coastal zone, Egypt

Article

Abstract

Satellite remote sensing data, in addition to Geographic Information Systems (GIS), offers an excellent alternative to conventional mapping techniques in monitoring and mapping of geo-hazards areas. One of the most sustainable development projects in Egypt has been accomplished in Sinai, especially along and around the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez. Variations along the coastal zone of the Gulf of Aqaba have been identified through the analysis of multi-temporal satellite images with the aid of GIS analysis. The study area is subject to rapid and increasing changes in land-use/land-cover that resulting from natural and human activities such as flash flooding, seismic activity, landslides, and tourist and urban activities. This is in addition to the construction projects of roads, ports, PowerStation stations, mineral exploration, beaches, and tourist villages resulting from major environmental impacts. The current study aims to use Remote Sensing and GIS tools to investigate, monitor, and assess geo-hazards through the building of a geographical database. Several techniques have been developed over the last decade mostly to study the geological and geomorphologic characteristics of the terrain; land-use and land-cover changes. These are based on satellite imagery and Digital Elevation Models (DEM) to determine the topographic features, and geo-hazards maps. It is concluded that integrated approaches to monitoring can successfully be used to assess the environmental impacts along the Gulf of Aqaba coastal zone.

Keywords

Geospatial Monitoring Multi-temporal Sustainable development Sinai 

References

  1. Abdel Fattah AK, Hussein HM, Ibrahim EM, Abu El-Ata ASA (1997) Fault plane solutions of the 1993 and 1995 Gulf of Aqaba earthquakes and their tectonic implication. Ann Geofis 23:381–390Google Scholar
  2. Abdel Khalek ML, Abdel Wahed N, Sehim AA (1993) Wrenching deformation and tectonic setting of the northwestern part of the Gulf of Aqaba, Geological Society of Egypt. Spec Pub 1:409–444Google Scholar
  3. Aboulela HA, Arnous MO (2008) Geo-Hazards Assessment of Western Adabyia Port Area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt, The Egyptian Society for Environmental Sciences. Catrina 3(3):65–78Google Scholar
  4. Al-Khoshman MA (1993) oil spill prevention, cleanup, and emergency response in the Gulf of Aqaba: a technical analysis, Protecting the Gulf of Aqaba: a regional environmental challenge. Environmental Law Institute, Washington, 217Google Scholar
  5. Anderson JR, Hardy ET, Roach JT, Witmer RE (1976) A land-use and land-cover classification system for use with Remote Sensing Data. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 964, U. S. Geological Survey, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  6. Arnous MO (2000) Integrated remote sensing and GIS investigation of mineralizations in Saint Catherine area, South Sinai, Egypt. M.Sc. Thesis, Suez Canal Univ., Fac. of Sci., Geol. dept., Ismailia, Egypt, 125 pGoogle Scholar
  7. Arnous MO (2004) Geo-environmental assessment of Cairo – Ismailia road area, Egypt, using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information system (GIS), Ph.D. Thesis, Geology Department., Faculty. of Science, Suez Canal Univ., Ismailia, 283 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Arnous MO, Aboulela HA, El-Shafei MK (2007) Geo-hazard zones along the Gulf of Aqaba, Egypt: integrated GIS, Seismic and structural analyses, Proceedings of 8th Conference. Geology of Sinai for Development, Ismailia, (Abstract)Google Scholar
  9. Arnous MO, Aboulela HA, Green DR (2010) Geo-environmental hazards assessment of the north western Gulf of Suez, Egypt. J Coast Conserv. doi:10.1007/s11852-010-0118-z
  10. Ashmaway MH, Swedan AH, Abdel Fattah T (2000) Flash flood hazards of drainage basins of Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Ann Geol Surv Egypt 23:467–489Google Scholar
  11. Ben-Avraham Z (1985) Structural framework of the Gulf of Aqaba, Northern Red Sea. J Geophys Res 90:703–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ben-Avraham Z (1987) Rift propagation along the southern Dead Sea rift (Gulf of Aqaba). Tectonophysics 143:193–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ben Avraham Z, Almagor G, Garfunkel Z (1979) Sediments and sturucture of the Gulf of Elat (Aqaba), north Red Sea. Sediment Geol 23:239–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bruno D, Hobbs S, Ottavianelli G (2005) Active and passive geosynchronous SAR systems: concept design and possible applications to monitor geohazards and climate change. In: Teeuw RM, Whitworth MZ, Laughton K (eds) Measuring, Mapping and Managing a Hazardous World. Proceedings RSPSoc2005. RSPSoc, Nottingham, on CDGoogle Scholar
  15. Carrara A, Guzzetti F, Cardinali M, Reichenbach P (1999) Use of GIS technology in the prediction and monitoring of landslide hazard. Nat Hazards, No. 20, pp 117–135Google Scholar
  16. Christopher AL (1994) Remote sensing and geographic information systems: geological mapping, mineral exploration and mining, 1st edn. Wiley, Singapore, 152Google Scholar
  17. Conco (1987) Photogeological interpretation map, Scale (1: 100,000), CORALI Inc., Cairo, A. R. EGoogle Scholar
  18. DeGraff JV, Romesburg HC (1980) Regional landslide—susceptibility assessment for wildland management: a matrix approach, Thresholds in Geomorphology. George Allen & Unwin, Boston, pp 401–414Google Scholar
  19. Egyptian Meteorological Authority (1996) Climatic atlas of Egypt, Ministry of Transport. & Communication. Cairo, 157 pGoogle Scholar
  20. Egyptian Military Survey (1987) Topographic map of Egypt, Wasit, Gabal Um Sayala, El-Kontella, Nuweiba, Wadi Kid, Tiran Strait and Ras Mohammed sheets, Scale (1:50.000), Cairo, EgyptGoogle Scholar
  21. El-Gamily HI (2003) Assessment of environmental deterioration due to the land-use/land-cover changes using multi-dates landsat case study: El Gona region, Red Sea, Egypt. In Geoindicators and their applications in arid regions: Workshop, 29 September - 2 October 2003, Assiut - Egypt: Program and Abstracts, p 28Google Scholar
  22. El Gammal EA (2005) Impact of surface processes and lithology on drainage network functions and sustainable development in South Sinai, Egypt. Using Landsat images, Egypt. J. Remote Sensing & Space Sci. 8:65–82Google Scholar
  23. El-Halaby K (1993) Towards establishing an environmental information system for the Gulf of Aqaba, Protecting the Gulf of Aqaba: A regional Environmental challenge. Environmental Law Institute, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  24. Envy B (2009) Methodology for assessment of natural hazard vulnerability in U.S. coastal zone using remote sensing, http://www.elearningbuzz.com
  25. Gao J, Lo CP (1995) Micro-scale modeling of terrain susceptibility to landsliding from a DEM: a GIS approach. Journal of Geocarto International 10(4):15–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gardner JS, Saczuk E (2004) Systems for hazards identification in high mountain areas: an example from the Kullu District, Western Himalaya. Journal of Mountain Science 1(2):115–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Greminger P (2003) Managing the risks of natural hazards. In: Rickenmann D, Chen CL (eds) Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction and Asssessment, Proceedings 3rd International DFHM Conference, Davos, Switzerland, September 10-12, 2003. Millpress, Rotterdam, pp 39–56Google Scholar
  28. Hamouda AZ (2000) Study of the Neotectonics in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, as revealed from marine geophysical data. Ph.D. thesis. Univ. of Alexandria, EgyptGoogle Scholar
  29. Hamouda AZ (2009) Recent evaluation of the assessment seismic hazards, for Nuweiba, Gulf of Aqaba, Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Saudi Society for Geosciences, Springer, doi:10.1007/s12517-009-0096-3
  30. Hassan OA, Ahmed MH, Arafat SM (2005) Environmental land use/ land cover use change detection in the coastal zone of the Gulf of Aqaba, Egypt, using multi-temporal Landsat imagery. Egypt. J. Remote Sensing & Space Sci. 8:21–38Google Scholar
  31. Horton R (1932) Drainage basin characteristics. Transactions of American Geophysical Union, pp 350-361Google Scholar
  32. Horton R (1945) Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins: hydro-physical approach to quantitative morphology. Bulletin Geological Society of America 56(3):275–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hussein M, Abd-Allah AMA (2001) Tectonic evolution of the northeastern part of the African continental margin, Egypt. J Afr Earth Sci 33(1):49–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Issawi B, El Hinnawy M, El Khawaaga L, Labib S, Anani N (1994) The delineation of Sinai water basins by using lithofacies isopach and structure contour maps., 2nd International Conference of the Arab World, Cairo Univ., Egypt, pp 489-479Google Scholar
  35. Issawi B, Osman R, Francis M, El Hinnawi M, El Bagori Y, Mazhar A, Labib S (1998) Contributions to the geology of east Sinai, Annals Geol. Surv. Egypt, V.XXI, pp. 55-88Google Scholar
  36. Jamenson SC, McManus JW, Spalding MD (1995) Stat of the Reefs: Regional and global perspectives. An international coral reef initiative executive secretariat background paper, pp 12–24Google Scholar
  37. Jensen JR (2004) Introductory digital image processing. A remote sensing prospective. Prentice-hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  38. Kaäb A (2008) Remote Sensing of Permafrost-related Problems and Hazards, Permafrost and Periglac. Process 19:107–136, Published online in Wiley InterScience, (www.interscience.wiley.com) doi:10.1002/ppp.619 Google Scholar
  39. Karanth RV (2001) Structure and tectonics of Kachchh region of western India: An Appraisal, http://www.gisdevelopment.net/application/natural_hazards/earthquakes
  40. Kelmelis JA, Schwartz L, Christian C, Crawford M, King D (2006) Use of geographic information in response to the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake and Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, August, pp 862–876Google Scholar
  41. Lee EM, Hall JW, Meadowcroft IC (2001) Coastal cliff recession: the use of probabilistic prediction methods. Geomorphology 40(3–4):253–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Leica Geosystems Geospatial Imaging, LLC (2005) ERDAS Field GuideTM, Norcross, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 674 pGoogle Scholar
  43. Lillesand T, Kiefer RW (2000) Remote sensing and image interpretation 3rd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, 679 pGoogle Scholar
  44. Liu JG, Mason PJ, Clerici N, Chen S, Davis A, Miao F, Deng H, Liang L (2004) Landslide hazard assessment in the three Gorges area of the Yangtze River using ASTER imagery: Zigui–Badong. Geomorphology 61:171–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mancy KH (1993) Gulf of Aqaba ecological overview and call to action, protecting the Gulf of Aqaba: A regional Environmental challenge. Environmental Law Institute, Washington, 19Google Scholar
  46. Mason PJ, Rosenbaum MS (2002) Geohazard mapping for predicting landslides: an example from the Langhe Hills in Piemonte, NW Italy. Q J Eng Geol Hydrogeol 35:317–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Michael-Leiba M, Baynes F, Scott G, Granger K, (2003) Regional landslide risk to the Cairns community. Nat Hazards 30(2):233–249Google Scholar
  48. Miller P, Mills J, Edwards S, Bryan P, Marsh S, Mitchell H, Hobbs P (2008) A robust surface matching technique for coastal geohazard assessment and management. ISPRS J Photogramm Remote Sens 63:529–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Milne R, Browen TAW (1999) Methods and data for land-use change and forestry: The 2001 UK Greenhouse Gas Inventory. In: Milne R (ed) Carbon sequestration in vegetation and soils, DETR Contract EPG1/1/39, Interim Report April 1999Google Scholar
  50. Milne R, Tomlinson RW, Murray TD (2003) Land-use change and forestry: The 2001 UK greenhouse gas inventory and projections to 2020. In: Milne R (ed) UK emissions by sources and removals by sinks due to land use, Land use change and frostery activities, Annual report (2003) for DEFRA contract EPG1/1/1/160Google Scholar
  51. Milne R, Tomlinson RW, Mobbs DC, Murray TD (2004) Land-use change and forestry: The 2002 UK greenhouse gas inventory and projections to 2020. In: Milne R, Mobbs DC (eds) UK emissions by sources and removals by sinks due to land use, Land use change and frostery activities, Annual report (2004) for DEFRA contract CEPG1/GA01054Google Scholar
  52. Nath, SK. (2004) Seismic hazard mapping and microzonation in the Sikkim Himalaya through GIS integration of site effects and strong ground motion attributes. Nat Hazards, No. 31, pp 319–342Google Scholar
  53. Pandey A, Dabral PP, Chowdary VM, Yadav NK (2008) Landslide Hazard Zonation using Remote Sensing and GIS: a case study of Dikrong river basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Environ. Geol., No. 54, pp. 1517–1529Google Scholar
  54. Ranchin T, Wald L (2000) Comparison of different algorithms for the improvement of the spatial resolution of the images. Proceedings 3rd Conference. “Fusion of the earth data: merging point measurements, raster maps and remotely sensed images”. Sophia Antiolis, France, pp 33-41Google Scholar
  55. Said R (1962) The geology of Egypt. Elsevier publ Co, Amsterdam, p 337Google Scholar
  56. Sbains FF (1997) Remote Sensing Principles and Interpretation, 3rd edn. W: H: Freeman and Company, New York, p 449Google Scholar
  57. Schumm SA (1956) Evolution of drainage system and slopes in badlands at Perth Amboy. New Jersey Geophysical Society of America Bulletin 67:597–646Google Scholar
  58. Shamir G (1996) The November 22, 1995, Nuweiba earthquake, Gulf of Aqaba: mechanical analysis. IPRG report No. 550/87/96 (114), 33 pGoogle Scholar
  59. Strahler A (1952) Hypsometric (area-altitude) analysis of erosional topography. The Geological Society of American 63(11):1117–1142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Strahler A (1958) Dimensional analysis applied to fluvially eroded landforms. The Geological Society of America 69:279–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Sultan F (1993) Tourism development: an Egyptian perspective, Protecting the Gulf of Aqaba: a regional environmental challenge. Environmental Law Institute, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  62. Teeuw MR (2007) Introducing the remote sensing of hazardous terrain. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 283:1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Tralli DM, Blom RG, Zlotnicki V, Donnellan A, Evans DL (2005) Satellite remote sensing of earthquake, volcano, flood, landslide and coastal inundation hazards. ISPRS J Photogramm Remote Sens 59:185–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Wahbeh M (1993) Agenda for scientific research in the Gulf of Aqaba; Protecting the Gulf of Aqaba: A regional environmental challenge. Environmental Law Institute Washington, D. C. p 30Google Scholar
  65. Watzman H (1995) Red Sea Payes the Price of Peace. New Scientist, No. 1965, p 9Google Scholar
  66. World Bank (1996) Guidelines for integrated coastal zone management. World Bank, Washington, p 16Google Scholar
  67. Youssef MI (1968) Structural pattern of Egypt and its interpretation. AAPG Bull 52(4):501–514Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  2. 2.Geography and Environmental DepartmentSchool of Geoscience, College of Physical Science, Aberdeen UniversityAberdeenUK

Personalised recommendations