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Comprehensive evaluation of irisin levels in fetomaternal circulation of pregnant women with obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Aim

To evaluate maternal and cord blood irisin levels in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and in obese pregnant women without GDM.

Methods

The study included 109 patients, with 34 patients in the GDM group, 40 in the obese non-GDM group, and 35 in the control group. Maternal serum irisin levels at the time of delivery were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The correlation of serum irisin levels with metabolic parameters and anthropometric measurements was analyzed.

Results

There were significant differences between the study groups in terms of cord arterial, cord venous, and maternal serum irisin levels (P < 0.001, P < 0.01, P < 0.001, respectively). Cord arterial, cord venous, and maternal serum irisin levels were higher in the obese group compared to the control (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, respectively) and the GDM group (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusion

Elevation in irisin levels of women who have pregnancies complicated with obesity may be explained as part of the compensation mechanism against disturbed metabolic functions. Pregnant individuals with GDM have lower serum irisin levels in comparison to healthy pregnant women. In this regard, it is possible that the measurement of serum irisin levels may be utilized in the future for prediction, prevention, and treatment of GDM.

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Correspondence to Ali Seven.

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The study was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical committee approval was received from the local Human Research Ethics Committee (issue number: 2015-KAEK-86/10). Written informed consent was obtained from all volunteers.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Seven, A., Yalinbas, E., Kucur, S.K. et al. Comprehensive evaluation of irisin levels in fetomaternal circulation of pregnant women with obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus. Ir J Med Sci 188, 1213–1219 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11845-019-02020-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11845-019-02020-9

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Irisin
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy