Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

An integrated value chain analysis of non-timber forest products: a case of Jharkhand State of India

  • Original Research
  • Published:
Small-scale Forestry Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

This study explored value chain analysis of three non-timber forest products and the findings are based on primary data that includes 387 households and 33 small traders in 62 villages of Khunti District in Jharkhand, India. The results revealed that 70% of the upstream actors are women, yet their role remains limited to NTFP collection. The vertical relationship between upstream and downstream actors is also confined to the sale of NTFPs, with limited resource or information exchange. However, the downstream actors are open to resource and information sharing with each other. The gross margin analysis revealed that wholesalers obtained the highest monetary benefit followed by small traders, whereas the NTFP collectors received the lowest monetary benefits as follows; Kerria lacca (1.84 USD/kg), for Madhuca longifolia (0.29 USD/kg) and (USD 0.29/kg) for Tamarindus indica respecively. The study further identifies constraints faced by the NTFP collectors in terms of governance and the market structure. Based on the findings key recommendations such as skill enhancement of NTFP collectors, infrastructural development at village level and policy frameworks can help in development of NTFPs into small scale enterprises.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. The NTFPS that are governed by the government (Planning commission, 2011). No one other than those permitted by the government or the State government itself can trade in that product. The rest of the trade taking place becomes illegal.

References

  • Adepoju AA, Salau AS (2007) Economic valuation of non-timber forest products (NTFPs)

  • Agarwal B (2001) Participatory exclusions, community forestry, and gender: An analysis for South Asia and a conceptual framework. World Dev 29(10):1623–1648

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ambrose-Oji B (2003) The contribution of NTFPs to the livelihoods of the ‘forest poor’: evidence from the tropical forest zone of south-west Cameroon. Int forestry Rev 5(2):106–117

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Angelsen A, Jagger P, Babigumira R, Belcher B, Hogarth NJ, Bauch S, Wunder S (2014) Environmental income and rural livelihoods: a global-comparative analysis. World Dev 64:S12–S28

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Axinn WG, Pearce LD (2006) Mixed method data collection strategies. Cambridge University Press

  • Baghel R, Acharya J, Rao BP (2017) Review of The Relationship Between High Volume Forest Produce and Its. Low Value Contribution Towards the Livelihood of Tribal Communities

  • Belcher B, Schreckenberg K (2007) Commercialisation of Non-timber Forest Products: A Reality Check. Dev Policy Rev 25(3):355–377

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Belcher BM (1998) A production-to-consumption systems approach: lessons from the bamboo and rattan sectors in Asia. Incomes from the forest: methods for the development and conservation of forest products for local communities, 815 – 22

  • Belcher B, Ruíz-Pérez M, Achdiawan R (2005) Global patterns and trends in the use and management of commercial NTFPs: implications for livelihoods and conservation. World Dev 33(9):1435–1452

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Best A, Blobel D, Cavalieri S, Giljum S, Hammer M, Lutter S, Lewis K (2008) Potential of the Ecological Footprint for monitoring environmental impacts from natural resource use. Report to the european commission, DG Environment

  • Bhadwal S, Sharma G, Gorti G, Sen SM (2019) Livelihoods, gender and climate change in the Eastern himalayas. Environ Dev 31:68–77

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bhattarai B, Beilin R, Ford R (2015) Gender, agrobiodiversity, and climate change: A study of adaptation practices in the Nepal Himalayas. World Dev 70:122–132

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bolwig S, Ponte S, Du Toit A, Riisgaard L, Halberg N (2008) Integrating poverty, gender and environmental concerns into value chain analysis: A conceptual framework and lessons for action research (No. 2008: 16). DIIS working paper

  • Buchy M, Subba S (2003) Why is Community Forestry a Socialand Gender-blind Technology? The Case of Nepal. Gend Technol Dev 7(3):313–332

    Google Scholar 

  • Burkhart EP, Jacobson MG (2009) Transitioning from wild collection to forest cultivation of indigenous medicinal forest plants in eastern North America is constrained by lack of profitability. Agroforest Syst 76(2):437–453

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • CEDAR (Center for Ecology Development and Research) (2014) Developing a Strategy for Forest Based Livelihoods in Central India through Assessment of Major NTFP’s. Dehradun India

  • Census (2011) Census of India, West Bengal State Ofce of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India 2/A, Man Singh Road, New Delhi 110011, India

  • Corstange D (2009) Sensitive questions, truthful answers? Modeling the list experiment with LISTIT. Political Anal 17(1):45–63

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cunningham AB, Ingram W, Kadati W, Maduarta IM (2017) Opportunities, barriers and support needs: micro-enterprise and small enterprise development based on non-timber products in eastern Indonesia. Australian Forestry 80(3):161–177

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • De La O, Campos AP, Villani C, Davis B, Takagi M (2018) Ending extreme poverty in rural areas: Sustaining livelihoods to leave no one behind. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO

  • GoI (2006) The scheduled tribes and other traditional forest dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006. The Gazette of India, Legislative Department, Ministry of Law and Justice, New Delhi, Government of India, Website-https://www.fra.org.in/

  • Hoermann B, Choudhary D, Choudhury D, Kollmair M(2010) Integrated value chain development as a tool for poverty alleviation in rural mountain areas: an analytical and strategic framework. Integrated value chain development as a tool for poverty alleviation in rural mountain areas: an analytical and strategic framework

  • India State of Forest Report, ISFR (2019) Forest Survey of India. Dehradun, India. https://fsi.nic.in/

  • Ingram V, Awono A, Schure J, Ndam N(2009) National Prunus africana management plan for Cameroon.CIFOR, Yaounde, 156

  • International Union of Forest Research Organizations. IUFRO (2020) Unlocking the bioeconomy and non-timber forest products

  • Iponga DM, Yobo CM, Ingram V, Bengone NN, Ngoye A (2018) Livelihoods, economic contribution and sustainability of the bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis) value chain from three provinces of Gabon. Int Forestry Rev 20(1):115–129

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Islam MA, Quli SMS, Sofi PA, Bhat GM, Malik AR (2015a) Livelihood dependency of indigenous people on forest in Jharkhand, India. Vegetos 28(3):106–118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Islam MA, Rai R, Quli SMS, Tramboo MS (2015b) Socio-economic and demographic descriptions of tribal people subsisting in forest resources of Jharkhand, India. Asian J Biol Sci 10(1):75–82

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jensen A (2009) Valuation of non-timber forest products value chains. For Policy Econ 11(1):34–41

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jhamfcofed(2019) The Jharkhand State Minor Forest Produce Co-operative Development and Marketing Federation Limited official website, October 6,2020. www.Jhamfcofed.com

  • Jharkhand Economic Survey Report (2020) Planning-cum-finance department centre for fiscal studies. Government of Jharkhand

  • Jordaan H, Grové B, Backeberg GR (2014) Conceptual framework for value chain analysis for poverty alleviation among smallholder farmers. Agrekon 53(1):1–25

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kaplinsky R (2000) Globalisation and unequalisation: What can be learned from value chain analysis? J Dev Stud 37(2):117–146

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kaplinsky R, Morris M (2000) A handbook for value chain research, vol 113. University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton

    Google Scholar 

  • Kaplinsky R, Morris M, Readman J(2002) Understanding upgrading using value chain analysis. New York

  • Kar SP, Jacobson MG (2012) NTFP income contribution to household economy and related socio-economic factors: Lessons from Bangladesh. For Policy Econ 14(1):136–142

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kumar R, Saikia P (2020) Forest Resources of Jharkhand, Eastern India: Socio-economic and Bio-ecological Perspectives. Socio-economic and Eco-biological Dimensions in Resource use and Conservation. Springer, Cham, pp 61–101

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Leslie A (2005) What will we want from the forests. ITTO Trop For Update 15(1):14–16

    Google Scholar 

  • Lovrić M, Da Re R, Vidale E(2016) Collection and consumption of wild forest products in Europe. In Wild Forest Products in Europe Conference, 13–14

  • Mac Clay P, Feeny R (2018) Analyzing agribusiness value chains: a literature review. Int Food Agribusiness Manage Rev 22(1030–2019–616):31–46

    Google Scholar 

  • Marshall E, Newton AC, Schreckenberg K (2003) Commercialisation of non-timber forest products: first steps in analysing the factors influencing success. Int Forestry Rev 5(2):128–137

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Marshall E, Schreckenberg K, Newton AC (2006a) Commercialization of non-timber forest products. Factors influencing success. Lessons learned from Mexico and Bolivia and policy implications for decision-makers. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK, 136

  • Matias DMS, Tambo JA, Stellmacher T, Borgemeister C, von Wehrden H (2018) Commercializing traditional non-timber forest products: An integrated value chain analysis of honey from giant honey bees in Palawan, Philippines. For Policy Econ 97:223–231

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Matias DMS, Tambo JA, Stellmacher T, Borgemeister C, von Wehrden H (2018) Commercializing traditional non-timber forest products: An integrated value chain analysis of honey from giant honey bees in Palawan, Philippines. For Policy Econ 97:223–231

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs, GoI (2016) Operational manual for mechanism for marketing of minor forest produce (MFP) through minimum support price (MSP) and development of value chain for MFP (tribal.nic.in)

  • Mitchell CP, CORBRIDGE, S., & SL J (2003) Non timber forest products: availability, production, consumption, management and marketing in eastern India-Final technical report

  • Mitchell J, Coles C (eds) (2011) Markets and rural poverty: Upgrading in value chains. IDRC

  • Narula SA, Bhattacharyya S (2017) Off-grid electricity interventions for cleaner livelihoods: A case study of value chain development in Dhenkanal district of Odisha. J Clean Prod 142:191–202

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Narula SA, Magray MA, Desore A (2017) A sustainable livelihood framework to implement CSR project in coal mining sector. J Sustainable Min 16(3):3

    Google Scholar 

  • Narula SA, Magry MA, Mathur A (2019) Business-community engagement: A case of mining company in India. Bus Strategy Dev 2(4):315–331

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Newton P, Miller DC, Byenkya MAA, Agrawal A (2016) Who are forest-dependent people? A taxo nomy to aid livelihood and land use decision-making in forested regions. Land use policy 57:388–395

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nightingale A (2006) The nature of gender: work, gender, and environment. Environ Plann D: Soc space 24(2):165–185

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pallante G, Drucker AG, Sthapit S (2016) Assessing the potential for niche market development to contribute to farmers’ livelihoods and agrobiodiversity conservation: Insights from the finger millet case study in Nepal. Ecol Econ 130:92–105

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Poddar A, Narula SA, Zutshi A (2019) A study of corporate social responsibility practices of the top Bombay Stock Exchange 500 companies in India and their alignment with the Sustainable Development Goal s. Corp Soc Responsib Environ Manag 26(6):1184–1205

    Google Scholar 

  • Planning Commission of India (2011) Report of Sub-Group I on Forestry. In Forests and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, report of the Working Group for the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2012- 17). New Delhi

  • Pullanikkatil D, Shackleton CM (2019) Poverty reduction through non-timber forest products. Sustainable Development Goals Series. Berlin: Springer Nature

  • Saboo S (2019) Value Addition to Minor Forest Produce: Gateway to Economic Empowerment of Jharkhand Tribals. Indian J Public Adm 65(1):189–200

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Saha D, Sundriyal RC (2012) Utilization of non-timber forest products in humid tropics: Implications for management and livelihood. For Policy Econ 14(1):28–40

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sambhav K(2011) Price tag for tendu, bamboo. Down to Earth May 15, 2001. Retrieved November 1 2011 from <http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/price-tag-tendu-bamboo>

  • Shackleton CM, Pullanikkatil D (2019) Considering the links between non-timber forest products and poverty alleviation. Poverty Reduction Through Non-Timber Forest Products. Springer, Cham, pp 15–28

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Shackleton C, Shackleton S, Shanley P (2011) Building a holistic picture: An integrative analysis of current and future prospects for non-timber forest products in a changing world. Non-timber forest products in the global context. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 255–280

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Shackleton S, Campbell B, Lotz-Sisitka H, Shackleton C (2008) Links between the local trade in natural products, livelihoods and poverty alleviation in a semi-arid region of South Africa. World Dev 36(3):505–526

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shah A (2010) In the shadows of the state: Indigenous politics, environmentalism, and insurgency in Jharkhand, India. Duke University Press

  • Sharma R, Bharti N (2020) Non-timber forest products value chain toward sustainable livelihood: exploring linkages and trends using visual optimization network analysis. Asian J Agric Dev 17(1362–2020–1839):105–118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Singh PK, Quli SS (2011) Economic valuation of non-timber forest products contribution in tribal livelihood in west singhbhum district of Jharkhand. Indian Forester 137(11):1258–1264

    Google Scholar 

  • Sundar N (2011) The rule of law and citizenship in central India: post-colonial dilemmas. Citizsh Stud 15(3–4):419–432

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • te Velde DW, Marshall E, Newton A, Schreckenberg K (2004) Successful NTFP commercialisation A quantitative analysis based on household and trader level data. Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and (UNEP-WCMC)

  • Te Velde DW, Rushton J, Schreckenberg K, Marshall E, Edouard F, Newton A, Arancibia E (2006) Entrepreneurship in value chains of non-timber forest products. For Policy Econ 8(7):725–741

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tewari DD (2000) Valuation of non-timber forest products (NTFPS) models, problems, and issues. J Sustainable Forestry 11(4):47–68

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity. (TEEB) (2018) Measuring what matters in agriculture and food systems: a synthesis of the results and recommendations of TEEB for Agriculture and Food’s Scientific and Economic Foundations report. UN Environment, Geneva

    Google Scholar 

  • Trienekens J, H (2011) Agricultural value chains in developing countries: a framework for analysis. Int Food Agribusiness Manage Rev 14(2):51–82

    Google Scholar 

  • Tyagi N, Das S (2018) Assessing gender responsiveness of forest policies in India. For Policy Econ 92:160–168

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tyagi N, Das S (2020) Standing up for forest: A case study on Baiga women’s mobilization in community governed forests in Central India. Ecol Econ 178:106812

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • UN (United Nationa (2018) World Urbanization Prospects. (2018). United Nations. New York, UN: Department of Economic and Social Afairs/Population Division

  • Vaughan RC, Munsell JF, Chamberlain JL (2013) Opportunities for enhancing nontimber forest products management in the United States. J Forest 111(1):26–33

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Von hagen B, Weigan JF, McLain R(1996) Conservation and development of NTFPs in the Pacific Northwest: an annotated bibliography. General Technical Report. USDA. Poland

  • Wahlén CB (2017) Opportunities for making the invisible visible: Towards an improved understanding of the economic contributions of NTFPs. For Policy Econ 84:11–19

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wynberg R, van Niekerk J(2014) Governance, equity and sustainability in non-timber forest product value chains. Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability: Lessons across Natural Resource Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa, 279

  • Yogi RK, Sharma KK, Ramani R(2016) Model Bankable Projects: Lac Cultivation for Livelihood Security. ICAR-Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Ranchi, Jharkhand. Bulletin (Technical) No, 17

  • Zar JH (2015) Biostatistical Analysis. Available online: http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/7899770

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sapna A. Narula.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Magry, M.A., Cahill, D., Rookes, J. et al. An integrated value chain analysis of non-timber forest products: a case of Jharkhand State of India. Small-scale Forestry 21, 621–645 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-022-09520-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-022-09520-0

Keywords

Navigation