Advertisement

Small-scale Forestry

, Volume 7, Issue 3–4, pp 275–283 | Cite as

State of Urban Nurseries in Bangladesh: A Case Study from the North-Eastern Region

  • Romel Ahmed
  • Md. Sorif Hasan
  • Md. Abdul Halim
  • Mahbubul Alam
Research Paper

Abstract

The state of urban seedling nurseries in the north-eastern region of Bangladesh is examined with a focus on production and profitability of the enterprises. Twenty-eight sample nurseries out of the 97 nursery enterprises in Sylhet town were selected at random, and operators personally interviewed. It was found that the entrepreneurs are not highly educated though they believed that a basic level of education is required to understand the management of young nursery stock. Labourers of various employment categories work in the enterprises and their wage is determined by their skill, gender and efficiency. Capital and operating costs vary among the enterprises according to land value, production capacity, infrastructure type and workforce size. Production capacity ranges from 10,000 to 5 M seedlings/year with an average 836,000, though actual average production is only 341,000 seedlings/year. The production cost per seedling ranges from Tk. 4 to 50 while sale value ranges from Tk. 10 to 60. The most frequently sold species are Acacia mangium, Swietenia macrophylla, Tectona grandis, Mangifera indica, Litchi chinensis and Cocos nucifera. Nursery techniques and cultural practices adopted by nursery operators depend on the type of species and its silvicultural requirement. Despite some problems, including lack of suitable land for nursery establishment and inadequate level of technical knowledge for high quality seedling management, it seems that production of tree seedlings is a promising profitable small-scale business in the study area.

Keywords

Seedling production Sylhet town Permanent and temporary workers Homestead forest Impediments 

References

  1. ADB (2000) FRA 2000 forest resources of Bangladesh country report. Asian Development Bank, RomeGoogle Scholar
  2. ADB (Asian Development Bank) (2001) Project performance audit report on the Upazila Afforestation and Nursery Development Project (Loan 956-BAN[SF]) in Bangladesh. DhakaGoogle Scholar
  3. Banglapedia (2007) National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. http://www.banglapedia.org/bangla/index.htm. Accessed 12 June 2007
  4. BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics) (1999) Statistical year book of Bangladesh. Ministry of Planning. People’s Republic of Bangladesh, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  5. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) (2000) Global forest resources assessment 2000 main report. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  6. GOB (Government of Bangladesh) (1992) Forestry Master Plan (Forest Policy). Ministry of Environment and Forests, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  7. GOB (Government of Bangladesh) (1994) Bangladesh National Forest Policy 1994. Asian Development Bank/UNDP/FAO-BGD, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  8. GOB (Government of Bangladesh) (2007) Bangladesh Forest Department Official Website: http://www.bforest.gov.bd/agro.php. Accessed 12 Jan 2007
  9. Rahman MM, Furukawa Y, Kawata I, Rahman MM, Alam M (2005a) Homestead forest resources and their role in household economy: a case study in the villages of Gazipur sadar upazila of central Bangladesh. Small-scale For Econ Manage Policy 4(3):359–376Google Scholar
  10. Rahman MM, Tsukamoto J, Furukawa Y, Shibayama Z, Kawata I (2005b) Quantitative stand structure of woody components of homestead forests and its implications on silvicultural management: a case study in Sylhet Sadar, Bangladesh. J For Res 10:285–294. doi: 10.1007/s10310-004-0137-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Safa MS (2006) The role of NGOs in improving social forestry practice: do they promote livelihood, sustainability and optimal land use in Bangladesh? Small-scale For Econ Manage Policy 5(2):207–229Google Scholar
  12. Webster (1960) New world dictionary of the American language, College Edition. World Publishing Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Steve Harrison, John Herbohn 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Romel Ahmed
    • 1
  • Md. Sorif Hasan
    • 1
  • Md. Abdul Halim
    • 1
  • Mahbubul Alam
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ForestryShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh
  2. 2.Forest Management Laboratory, Faculty of AgricultureKochi UniversityKochiJapan

Personalised recommendations