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Interventions psychologiques centrées sur la spiritualité : revue de la question

Psychological interventions addressing spirituality: a review

Résumé

La spiritualité occupe une place légitime en oncologie et dans les soins palliatifs. Cette revue présente un aperçu des principales interventions psychologiques élaborées pour soulager la détresse spirituelle et ayant fait l’objet d’études visant à évaluer leur efficacité. La majorité des études retenues (8/12) rapporte un impact positif sur la spiritualité. En considérant le degré d’efficacité et le taux d’achèvement, la meaning-centered psychotherapy, la mindfulness-based therapy et les approches centrées sur le récit de vie nous semblent les plus recommandables.

Abstract

Spirituality plays a vital role when considering patients in both oncology and palliative care fields. The present overview describes studies testing the efficacy of main psychological interventions that have been developed to address spiritual or existential distress. One main outline is that a majority of studies (8/12) report a positive impact on spirituality. When taking into consideration the interventions’ degree of efficacy and completion rate, it appears that meaning-centered psychotherapy, mindfulness-based therapy and those based on life review telling should be recommended.

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Correspondence to M. Bernard.

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Bernard, M., Hayek, AS., Spring, G. et al. Interventions psychologiques centrées sur la spiritualité : revue de la question. Psycho Oncologie 11, 189–198 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11839-017-0641-3

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Mots clés

  • Interventions psychologiques
  • Efficacité
  • Spiritualité
  • Détresse spirituelle
  • Détresse existentielle

Keywords

  • Psychological interventions
  • Efficacy
  • Spirituality
  • Spiritual distress
  • Existential distress