Psycho-Oncologie

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 130–136 | Cite as

Communication entre soignant et soigné: historique, définitions et mesures

Synthèse / Review Article

Résumé

Cet article retrace l’historique d’un concept primordial dans les soins en oncologie, la communication entre soignant et soigné. Premièrement, un historique du concept de communication en oncologie est décrit. Deuxièmement, les caractéristiques reliées à ce concept, ainsi que les différentes approches pour évaluer la communication entre soignant et soigné sont présentées. L’article démontre qu’une relation de type paternaliste entre soignant et soigné est de moins en moins populaire auprès des patients et qu’une approche centrée sur le patient est une approche à privilégier par les professionnels de la santé en oncologie avec leurs patients. L’article indique également que les approches observationnelles et perceptuelles ne répondent pas aux mêmes finalités, car elles évaluent différentes perspectives de communication entre les patients et les professionnels de la santé.

Mots clés

Communication entre soignant et soigné Historique Approches de communication Oncologie 

Communication between patients and healthcare providers: history, definitions and measurement

Abstract

This article traces the history of a key concept in cancer care, communication between patients and healthcare providers. First, a history of the concept of communication in oncology is described. Second, the definitions related to this concept and the different approaches to assess communication between patients and healthcare providers are presented. The article demonstrates that a paternalistic relationship between patients and healthcare providers is becoming less popular among patients and a patient-centered approach is an approach to be privileged by the healthcare providers in oncology with their patients. The article also indicates that the observational and perceptual approaches to communication do not have the same goals. They evaluate different perspectives of communication between patients and healthcare providers.

Keywords

Communication between patients and healthcare providers History Communication approaches Oncology 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Health Network (Behavioural Sciences and Health Research Division, Toronto General Hospital) et Lawrence S. Bloomberg, Faculty of NursingUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Département d’Administration de la santé, Faculté de médecineUniversité de Montréal, CP 6128, Succursale « centre-ville »MontréalCanada
  3. 3.École de service social, Pavillon Charles-De-KoninckUniversité de LavalQuébecCanada

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