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The Role of High-Index Twinning on Hierarchical α Microstructure in a Metastable β Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr Alloy

Abstract

Hierarchical α microstructure in a metastable β Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr (wt%, Ti-5553) alloy has been investigated using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Novel high-index {10 9 3}<3 3 1>β type deformation twins were characterized in the 10% cold-rolled Ti-5553. Without the pre-formed deformation twins, refined α microstructure and super-refined α microstructure were achieved in Ti-5553 using rapid up-quenching and slow heating treatment, respectively. On the contrary, with the pre-formed {10 9 3}<3 3 1> β deformation twins in the β matrix, hierarchical α microstructure was generated in Ti-5553, whether rapid up-quenching or slow heating treatment was adopted. It is observed that a layer of α phase precipitates from pre-formed {10 9 3}<3 3 1>β twin boundary and grows along the twin boundary. α sub-layers and fine-scale α precipitates form in the interior of pre-formed {10 9 3}<3 3 1>β twin. It is speculated that the large number of dislocations, metastable ω particles and α″ phase present as the substructure in the {10 9 3}<3 3 1>β twin may act as favorable nucleation sites for α sub-layers and fine-scale α precipitates. Thus, our work indicates that high-index {10 9 3}<3 3 1>β twin may assist the formation of hierarchical α microstructure in the metastable β Ti-5553 alloy.

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Acknowledgement

D. Li, W. Zhao and Y. Zheng appreciate the financial support by the faculty startup funding from University of Nevada, Reno. H. Darlene Merrill, Noah T. Meyer and Y. Zheng thank the financial support from Nevada Undergraduate Research Award. Y. Zheng would like to acknowledge the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy’s Nuclear Energy University Program award DE-NE0009022 for the TEM facility upgrade at University of Nevada, Reno. X. Zhang and Y. Liao gratefully acknowledge the faculty startup support provided by the Iowa State University.

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Li, D., Zhang, X., Zhao, W. et al. The Role of High-Index Twinning on Hierarchical α Microstructure in a Metastable β Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr Alloy. JOM 73, 2303–2311 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-021-04757-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-021-04757-0