Design of a Functional Active Epoxy Coating for Anticorrosion Performance Using SiO2 Nano-Conductive Polyaniline Nanoparticles in Aluminum Blends of Helicopters

Abstract

In this study, polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposites/silica (SiO2) nanoparticles are used in epoxy to create smart anticorrosive coatings for the alloy used in helicopters. SiO2 was synthesized by a sol–gel method with tetraethyl orthosilicate. Then, PANI/SiO2 nanocomposites were formed by the electrostatic method. Various tests, including Fourier-transform infrared, ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, thermo-gravimetric analysis and field-emission scanning electron microscopy, have been performed for characterization of the nanocomposites, and the results indicate that the synthesis of these nanocomposites has been completed. Then, 1 wt.% of PANI/SiO2 nanocomposite was added into epoxy resin and cured by polyamine hardener. Epoxy/PANI/SiO2 coatings with 30-µm thickness were tested on the alloy of the helicopter body. The atomic weight fraction of the helicopter alloy was determined by the inductively-coupled plasma emission test. The results indicate that aluminum constitutes 98% of the alloy. Finally, the analysis of the sealed coatings by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and salt spray tests have demonstrated that epoxy/polyaniline/silica nanocomposites significantly increase the anticorrosive properties of the epoxy.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Data availability

All data reported in this research are available upon request to the corresponding author.

Abbreviations

FTIR:

Fourier-transform infrared

UV:

Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy

XRD:

X-ray diffraction

TGA:

Thermo gravimetric analysis

FESEM:

Field-emission scanning electron microscopy

EIS:

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

ICP:

Inductively-coupled plasma emission test

PANI:

Polyaniline

APS:

Ammonium persulfate

TEOS:

Tetraethyl orthosilicate

References

  1. 1.

    C.M. Correa, R. Faez, M.A. Bizeto, and F.F. Camilo, RSC Adv. 2, 3088 (2012).

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    M. Izadi, T. Shahrabi, I. Mohammadi, B. Ramezanzadeh, and A. Fateh, Compos. Part B Eng. 171, 96 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    S. de Souza, S. de Souza, Surf. Coat. Technol. 201, 7574 (2007).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    S.A. Haddadi, M. Mahdavian, and E. Karimi, RSC Adv. 5, 28769 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    T. Rabizadeh, and S.R. Allahkaram, Mater. Des. 32, 133 (2011).

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    M.L. Zheludkevich, J. Tedim, and M.G.S. Ferreira, Electrochim. Acta. 60, 31 (2012).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    S.A. Kumar, H. Bhandari, C. Sharma, F. Khatoon, and S.K. Dhawan, Polym. Int. 62, 1192 (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    M.J. Palimi, M. Rostami, M. Mahdavian, and B. Ramezanzadeh, J. Coat. Technol. Res. 12, 277 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    J.I.I. Laco, F.C. Villota, and F.L. Mestres, Prog. Org. Coat. 52, 151 (2005).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    B. Rossenbeck, P. Ebbinghaus, M. Stratmann, and G. Grundmeier, Corros. Sci. 48, 3703 (2006).

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    S. Sadreddini, and A. Afshar, Appl. Surf. Sci. 303, 125 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    M.A. Ahmed, M.F. Abdel-Messih, and E.H. Ismail, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 31, 19118 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    T. Kosec, A. Legat, J. Kovač, and D. Klobčar, Coatings 9, 3390 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    A.M. Al-Sabagh, M.I. Abdou, M.A. Migahed, A.M. Fadl, and M.F. El-Shahat, Adv. Powder Technol. 29, 367 (2018).

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    N.M. Naim, H. Abdullah, and A.A. Hamid, Electron. Mater. Lett. 15, 70 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    I. Herrmann-Geppert, J. Radnik, U.I. Kramm, S. Fiechter, and P. Bogdanoff, ECS Trans. 136, 978 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    S. Ghiyasi, M.G. Sari, M. Shabanian, M. Hajibeygi, P. Zarrintaj, M. Rallini, L. Torre, D. Puglia, H. Vahabi, M. Jouyandeh, F. Laoutid, S.M.R. Paran, and M.R. Saeb, Prog. Color Colorants Coat. 11, 199 (2018).

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    F. Dolatzadeh, S. Moradian, and M.M. Jalili, Color Colorants Coat. 3, 92 (2011).

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    N. Pirhady Tavandashti, M. Ghorbani, A. Shojaei, J.M.C. Mol, H. Terryn, K. Baert, and Y. Gonzalez-Garcia, Corros. Sci. 112, 138 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    E. Barna, B. Bommer, J. Kürsteiner, A. Vital, O.V. Trzebiatowski, W. Koch, B. Schmid, and T. Graule, Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf. 30, 899 (2005).

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    S. Sahoo, P.K. Sahoo, A. Sharma, and A.K. Satpati, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 309, 127763 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    E. Matin, M.M. Attar, and B. Ramezanzadeh, Color Colorants Coat. 10, 181 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    S. Riaz, M. Ashraf, T. Hussain, and M.T. Hussain, Cellulose 26, 5159 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    E. Javadi, M. Ghaffari, G. Bahlakeh, and P. Taheri, Prog. Org. Coat. 135, 496 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    X. Zhang, and S.K. Manohar, Chem. Commun. 20, 2360 (2004).

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    H. Yi, C. Chen, F. Zhong, and Z. Xu, High Perform. Polym. 15, 893 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    H. Zangeneh, A.A. Zinatizadeh, S. Zinadini, M. Feyzi, and D.W. Bahnemann, Compos. Part B Eng. 176, 107158 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    M. Eid, M.B. El-Arnaouty, M. Salah, E.S. Soliman, and E.S.A. Hegazy, Inorg. Chem. Commun. 114, 107844 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    A. Habibiyan, B. Ramezanzadeh, M. Mahdavian, G. Bahlakeh, and M. Kasaeian, Chem. Eng. J. 391, 123630 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    B.W. Walker, R. Portillo Lara, E. Mogadam, C. Hsiang Yu, W. Kimball, and N. Annabi, Prog. Polym. Sci. 92, 135 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    V.S. Kathavate, and P.P. Deshpande, Surf. Coat. Technol. 394, 125902 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Y. González-García, J.M.C. Mol, T. Muselle, I. De Graeve, G. Van Assche, G. Scheltjens, B. Van Mele, and H. Terryn, Electrochem. Commun. 5, 2355 (2011).

    Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    H. Wiggers, Y.H. Sehlleier, F. Kunze, L. Xiao, S.M. Schnurre, and C. Schulz, Solid State Ionics 344, 115117 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    G. Williams, S. Geary, and H.N. McMurray, Corros. Sci. 57, 139 (2012).

    Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    B.C. Roy, M.D. Gupta, L. Bhoumik, and J.K. Ray, Synth. Met. 130, 27 (2002).

    Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    A.A. Razin, H. Yari, and B. Ramezanzadeh, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 31, 291 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    F.L. Jin, X. Li, and S.J. Park, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 29, 1 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    O.J. Obies, M.A. Mutar, and R.G. Kadhim, NeuroQuantology 18, 96 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    M.S. Cho, S.Y. Park, J.Y. Hwang, and H.J. Choi, Mater. Sci. Eng. 24, 15 (2004).

    Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    X. Zhang, W.J. Goux, and S.K. Manohar, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4502 (2004).

    Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    A. Ghazi, E. Ghasemi, M. Mahdavian, B. Ramezanzadeh, and M. Rostami, Corros. Sci. 94, 207 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    E. Alibakhshi, E. Ghasemi, M. Mahdavian, B. Ramezanzadeh, and M. Yasaei J. Clean. Prod. 251, 119676 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    A. Ghazizadeh, S.A. Haddadi, and M. Mahdavian, RSC Adv. 6, 18996 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    F.F. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, L. Xu, P. Wang, and C. Bin Guo, RSC Adv. 8, 5268 (2018).

    Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    A.V.C. de Braga, D.C.B. do Lago, A.R. Pimenta, and L.F. de Senna, Surf. Coat. Technol. 372, 190 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    H. Yari, S. Moradian, and N. Tahmasebi, J. Coat. Technol. Res. 11, 351 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  47. 47.

    V. Talwar, O. Singh, and R.C. Singh, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 191, 276 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  48. 48.

    Y. González-García, S.J. García, A.E. Hughes, and J.M.C. Mol, Electrochem. Commun. 70, 142 (2011).

    Google Scholar 

  49. 49.

    B. Ramezanzadeh, Z. Haeri, and M. Ramezanzadeh, Chem. Eng. J. 303, 511 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  50. 50.

    L. Huang, P. Zhu, G. Li, D. Lu, R. Sun, and C. Wong, J. Mater. Chem. A. 2, 18246 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  51. 51.

    B. Sixou, J. Travers, C. Barthet, and M. Guglielmi, Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 56, 4722 (1997).

    Google Scholar 

  52. 52.

    Y.J. Wan, L.C. Tang, L.X. Gong, D. Yan, Y.B. Li, L. Bin Wu, J.X. Jiang, and G.Q. Lai, Carbon N. Y. 69, 467 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  53. 53.

    A. Alizadeh Razin, B. Ramezanzadeh, and H. Yari, Prog. Org. Coat. 92, 95 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  54. 54.

    Y.Y. Horbenko, B.R. Tsizh, O.I. Aksimentyeva, I.B. Olenych, V.M. Bogatyrev, and M.R. Dzeryn, Sci. Messenger LNU Vet. Med. Biotechnol. 21, 96 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  55. 55.

    L. Al-Mashat, K. Shin, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, J.D. Plessis, S.H. Han, R.W. Kojima, R.B. Kaner, D. Li, X. Gou, S.J. Ippolito, and W. Wlodarski, J. Phys. Chem. 114, 16168 (2010).

    Google Scholar 

  56. 56.

    I. Fratoddi, I. Venditti, C. Cametti, and M.V. Russo, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 220, 534 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  57. 57.

    R. Ansari, and A.H. Alikhani, J. Coat. Technol. 6, 221 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  58. 58.

    Y. Liao, X.G. Li, E.M.V. Hoek, and R.B. Kaner, J. Mater. Chem. A. 1, 11795 (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  59. 59.

    E. Alibakhshi, E. Ghasemi, M. Mahdavian, and B. Ramezanzadeh, Color Colorants Coat. 9, 233 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

That there are no funding sources for this research.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. Abolfazl Mokhtari.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all the authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Supplementary Information

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 388 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mokhtari, S.A., Simiari, M. & Imani, K. Design of a Functional Active Epoxy Coating for Anticorrosion Performance Using SiO2 Nano-Conductive Polyaniline Nanoparticles in Aluminum Blends of Helicopters. JOM 73, 1118–1125 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-021-04565-6

Download citation