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Tracking Evaporation During Levitation Processing of Nickel-Based Superalloys on the ISS

  • Materials Research in Reduced Gravity
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Conducting experiments in an inert shielding-gas environment limits the likelihood for experiencing significant mass loss or compositional shifts due to differential relative evaporation. Species-specific evaporation is proven to be below prescribed limits and near-real time monitoring of the potential for exposure is shown to be an effective tool to ensure astronaut safety. The activity coefficients for key constituents in the alloy are defined as a function of temperature for inclusion in next-generation toxicity tracking software.

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The authors acknowledge collaborative support by team members from the Microgravity User Support Center (MUSC) through access to the ISS-EML facility which is a joint undertaking of the European Space Agency ESA and the German Aerospace Administration DLR. This project was sponsored by NASA under grants NNX17AH41G and 80NSSC19K0256. The author also acknowledges support from the European Space Agency (ESA) and the German Space Agency (DLR) administration as this work was conducted under the collaborative framework of ThermoLab AO-2009-1020.

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Correspondence to Douglas M. Matson.

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Nawer, J., Gossé, S. & Matson, D.M. Tracking Evaporation During Levitation Processing of Nickel-Based Superalloys on the ISS. JOM 72, 3132–3139 (2020).

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