Skip to main content
Log in

Tracking Evaporation During Levitation Processing of Nickel-Based Superalloys on the ISS

  • Materials Research in Reduced Gravity
  • Published:
JOM Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Conducting experiments in an inert shielding-gas environment limits the likelihood for experiencing significant mass loss or compositional shifts due to differential relative evaporation. Species-specific evaporation is proven to be below prescribed limits and near-real time monitoring of the potential for exposure is shown to be an effective tool to ensure astronaut safety. The activity coefficients for key constituents in the alloy are defined as a function of temperature for inclusion in next-generation toxicity tracking software.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. S. Schneider, Private communication based on MUSC documents EML-PR-AST-015_01_EML_Dust Limit Calculation, EML-FZJ-GSF-01-Measurement of Gas Shielding Factors, EML-DGRD-10, -11, -23, and EML-ESA-RQ-003_i1_Batch 1 DRG, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) (Germany: Köln, 2019).

    Google Scholar 

  2. I. Langmuir, Phys. Rev. 2, 229 (1913).

    Google Scholar 

  3. C.B. Alcock, V.P. Itkin, and M.K. Horrigan, Can. Metal. Q. 23, 309 (1984).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. J. Nawer, X. Xiao, M.P. SanSoucie, and D.M. Matson, High Temp- High Press 49, 17 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. J. Lee and D.M. Matson, Int. J. Thermophys. 35, 1697 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. E. Fromm, Metall. Trans. A 9A, 1835 (1978).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. H. Lukas, S.G. Fries, and B. Sundman, Computational Thermodynamics: The Calphad Method (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  8. J. Bratberg, H-H. Mao, L. Kjellqvist, A. Engström, P. K. Mason, and Q. Chen, Superalloys 2012: eds E. S. Huron, C. Reed, M. C. Hardy, M. J. Mills, R. E. Montero, P.D. Portella and J. Telesman (TMS,2 012), 21, 803(2012).

  9. G. L. Erickson, Superalloys 1996, eds. R.D. Kissinger, D.J. Deye, D.L. Anton, A.D. Cetel, M.V. Nathal, T.M. Pollock, D.A Woodford, (Warrendale: Materials Research Society, 1996), 35(1996).

  10. P. Caron and T. Khan, Aerosp. Sci. Technol. 3, 513 (1999).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. D.V. Malakhov, Calphad 21, 391 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. P. Honarmandi, T.C. Duong, S.F. Ghoreishi, D. Allaire, and R. Arroyave, Acta Mater. 164, 636 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. T.C. Duong, R.E. Hackenberg, A. Landa, P. Honarmandi, A. Talapatra, H.M. Volz, A. Llobet, A.I. Smith, G. King, S. Bajaj, A. Ruban, L. Vitos, P.E.A. Turchi, and R. Arróyave, Calphad 55, 219 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge collaborative support by team members from the Microgravity User Support Center (MUSC) through access to the ISS-EML facility which is a joint undertaking of the European Space Agency ESA and the German Aerospace Administration DLR. This project was sponsored by NASA under grants NNX17AH41G and 80NSSC19K0256. The author also acknowledges support from the European Space Agency (ESA) and the German Space Agency (DLR) administration as this work was conducted under the collaborative framework of ThermoLab AO-2009-1020.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Douglas M. Matson.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Nawer, J., Gossé, S. & Matson, D.M. Tracking Evaporation During Levitation Processing of Nickel-Based Superalloys on the ISS. JOM 72, 3132–3139 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-020-04256-8

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-020-04256-8

Navigation