Microstructure-Sensitive Computational Estimates of Driving Forces for Surface Versus Subsurface Fatigue Crack Formation in Duplex Ti-6Al-4V and Al 7075-T6
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Statistical realizations of three-dimensional digital microstructures with different crystallographic orientation distributions, grain shapes, and grain size distributions are subjected to uniaxial cyclic straining to compare the cases of bulk and free surface on driving forces for fatigue crack formation. Crystal plasticity finite element simulations are conducted using both fully periodic (more representative of the bulk) and traction-free (i.e., free surface) boundary conditions for duplex Ti-6Al-4V and rolled Al 7075-T6. Following elastic–plastic shakedown, mesoscale volume-averaged fatigue indicator parameters (FIPs) are computed within fatigue damage process zones of grains and are fit to known extreme value distributions (EVDs). Owing to differences in crystallographic slip symmetry, FIPs for fcc Al 7075-T6 statistically occur much closer to the traction-free surface than for hcp Ti-6Al-4V. Additionally, surface versus bulk EVDs of FIPs vary differently for the two material systems, indicating a coupled role of microstructure and surface proximity that had not been previously elucidated.
This work was sponsored by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) under Grant Number N00014-17-1-2036. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors only and should not be interpreted as representing those of ONR, the US Navy, or the US Government.
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