Engineered self-healing materials inspired by natural biological organisms that can repair damage are receiving increasing interest in recent years. Most studies have been focused on self-healing polymers, concretes, and ceramics. Self-healing metallic materials pose challenges due to the high temperatures used in manufacturing and the chemistries involved. This article summarizes and evaluates the self-healing mechanisms used in metallic materials and reviews recent studies into self-healing in aluminum, zinc, and Sn-Bi alloys. Generalizations about the various classifications are drawn from the review highlighting major hurdles in the widespread practical application of metallic self-healing materials, as well as the potential directions for future studies.
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The author Dr. Volkan Kilicli is thankful to TÜBİTAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). He has been supported by the BİDEB-2219 postdoctoral research scholarship program. The author Dr. Xiaojun Yan is thankful to Dalian University, China, for financial support as a visiting scholar.
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Kilicli, V., Yan, X., Salowitz, N. et al. Recent Advancements in Self-Healing Metallic Materials and Self-Healing Metal Matrix Composites. JOM 70, 846–854 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-018-2835-y