, Volume 70, Issue 6, pp 846–854 | Cite as

Recent Advancements in Self-Healing Metallic Materials and Self-Healing Metal Matrix Composites

  • Volkan Kilicli
  • Xiaojun Yan
  • Nathan Salowitz
  • Pradeep K. Rohatgi
Metal and Polymer Matrix Composites


Engineered self-healing materials inspired by natural biological organisms that can repair damage are receiving increasing interest in recent years. Most studies have been focused on self-healing polymers, concretes, and ceramics. Self-healing metallic materials pose challenges due to the high temperatures used in manufacturing and the chemistries involved. This article summarizes and evaluates the self-healing mechanisms used in metallic materials and reviews recent studies into self-healing in aluminum, zinc, and Sn-Bi alloys. Generalizations about the various classifications are drawn from the review highlighting major hurdles in the widespread practical application of metallic self-healing materials, as well as the potential directions for future studies.



The author Dr. Volkan Kilicli is thankful to TÜBİTAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). He has been supported by the BİDEB-2219 postdoctoral research scholarship program. The author Dr. Xiaojun Yan is thankful to Dalian University, China, for financial support as a visiting scholar.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volkan Kilicli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaojun Yan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nathan Salowitz
    • 4
  • Pradeep K. Rohatgi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of TechnologyGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.School of Mechanical EngineeringDalian UniversityDalianPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA

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