, Volume 70, Issue 5, pp 747–752 | Cite as

The Secant Rate of Corrosion: Correlating Observations of the USS Arizona Submerged in Pearl Harbor

  • Donald L. Johnson
  • Robert J. DeAngelis
  • Dana J. Medlin
  • Jon E. Johnson
  • James D. Carr
  • David L. Conlin
Technical Communication


Contrary to previous linear projections of steel corrosion in seawater, analysis of an inert marker embedded in USS Arizona concretion since the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor reveals evidence that the effective corrosion rate decreases with time. The secant rate of corrosion, or SRC correlation, derived from this discovery could have a significant impact on failure analysis investigations for concreted shipwrecks or underwater structures. The correlation yields a lower rate of metal thinning than predicted. Development of the correlation is described.



The Submerged Resources Center, National Park Service, has provided the funds necessary to conduct this study. The authors thank Dr. Tim Foecke, NIST, and Col. Tim Christenson, DOD, for early review of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald L. Johnson
    • 1
  • Robert J. DeAngelis
    • 2
  • Dana J. Medlin
    • 3
  • Jon E. Johnson
    • 4
  • James D. Carr
    • 5
  • David L. Conlin
    • 6
  1. 1.Submerged Resources CenterNational Park ServiceSun City WestUSA
  2. 2.NicevilleUSA
  3. 3.EAG LaboratoriesEl SegundoUSA
  4. 4.Dow Water and Process SolutionsEdinaUSA
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  6. 6.Submerged Resources CenterNational Park ServiceDenverUSA

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