Skip to main content
Log in

Investigating the Impact of Acetone Vapor Smoothing on the Strength and Elongation of Printed ABS Parts

  • Published:
JOM Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Acetone vapor smoothing is a chemical treatment that “melts” the surface of additively manufactured acrylonitrile butadiene styrene parts. The process fuses layers together and allows them to reform when vapor is removed, resulting in a smooth surface finish. Although commonly used to improve aesthetics, recent work has begun to investigate the effects of vapor smoothing on part strength. Nevertheless, most of this work has failed to take into account the anisotropic nature of printed parts. Prior research has shown that vapor smoothing reduces strength under best-case loading conditions, when the tensile load is parallel with the direction of the layers. In this article, the authors hypothesize that vapor smoothing may increase strength under nonoptimal loading conditions as a result of increased cohesion between layers and a reduction in stress concentrations. They use a design of experiments approach to identify the combined impact of printing and vapor smoothing parameters on part material properties.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. S.P. Isanaka and F. Liou, in Proceedings of the Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (2012), p. 341.

  2. B.N. Turner, R. Strong, and S.A. Gold, Rapid Prototyp. J. 20, 192 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. A. Bellini and S. Güçer, Rapid Prototyp. J. 9, 252 (2003).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. ASTM Standard F2971-13, in Standard Practice for Reporting Data for Test Specimens Prepared by Additive Manufacturing (West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 2013).

  5. K.M. Ashtankar, A.M. Kuthe, and B.S. Rathour, in Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (2013).

  6. P. Zelený, J. Šafka, and I. Elkina, Appl. Mech. Mater. 474, 381 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. A.R. Torrado Perez, D.A. Roberson, and R.B. Wicker, J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 14, 343 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. A.R. Torrado, C.M. Shemelya, J.D. English, Y. Lin, R.B. Wicker, and D.A. Roberson, Addit. Manuf. 6, 16 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. A.R. Torrado Pérez, in Defeating Anisotropy in Material Extrusion 3D Printing via Materials Development (El Paso, TX: University of Texas at El Paso, 2015).

  10. A.R. Torrado and D.A. Roberson, J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 16, 154 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. A. Garg, A. Bhattacharya, and A. Batish, Mater. Manuf. Processes 31, 522 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. B. Chapman, S. Desai, M. Muraoka, and T. Vidolova, in Investigating Methods of Prototyping with ABS (Needham, MA: Olin College of Engineering, 2014).

  13. L.M. Galantucci, F. Lavecchia, and G. Percoco, CIRP Ann. Manuf. Technol. 59, 247 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. B. Rankouhi, S. Javadpour, F. Delfanian, and T. Letcher, J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 16, 467 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. S.H. Ahn, M. Montero, D. Odell, S. Roundy, and P.K. Wright, Rapid Prototyp. J. 8, 248 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. ASTM Standard D638-14, in Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics (West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 2014).

  17. W.F. Riley, L.D. Sturges, and D.H. Morris, Statics and Mechanics of Materials: An Integrated Approach, 2nd ed. (Hoboken: Wiley, 2002).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Penn State Multi-Campus Research Experience for Undergraduates program for providing funding to support this research. Additionally, the authors would like to thank David Shelleman for assisting with operation of the Instron system.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Nicholas A. Meisel.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Gao, H., Kaweesa, D.V., Moore, J. et al. Investigating the Impact of Acetone Vapor Smoothing on the Strength and Elongation of Printed ABS Parts. JOM 69, 580–585 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2214-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2214-5

Keywords

Navigation