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Accumulative Roll Bonding for Bladesmithing: From Book to Burrito to Blade


A bladesmithing program was undertaken with the aim of producing superior decorative steel from dissimilar starting metals using severe plastic deformation. Accumulative roll bonding using an antiquated rolling mill was performed on 1095, CPM S30V, and 15N20 Hi-Contrast steel. Original attempts using the CPM S30V and the 1095 were unsuccessful, while later attempts using the 1095 and 15N20 Hi-Contrast steels produced a more desirable ingot. Characterization and testing, consisting of both optical and scanning electron microscopy, of the starting and wrought materials as well as the challenges in producing knife steel via synthesis of modern and traditional forging techniques, are discussed and failures analyzed.

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The authors would like to thank all the members of the IIT Material Advantage Bladesmithing Team: Melissa Denison, Sarah Hamilton, George Kim, Wojciech Lukaszczyk, Kathleen Mullen, Paulo Sassmannshausen Moretto Kodaira, and Benjamin Whitledge for passionately beating metals into various shapes for this study. The authors would also like to thank Thomas Nizolek for the guidance towards using a vacuum-sealed tube for SPD. Special thanks to Professor Philip Nash for his oversight of the team efforts as well as the laboratory space to pursue our dreams and to Russ Janota for tireless support of the experimental work needed for this project. Lastly, we’d like to acknowledge the IIT Student Activity Fund for providing material support of our effort to transform students into blacksmiths.

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Correspondence to Mary Hawgood.

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Hawgood, M., Hasier, J. & Ho, K. Accumulative Roll Bonding for Bladesmithing: From Book to Burrito to Blade. JOM 68, 3161–3166 (2016).

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  • Severe Plastic Deformation
  • Accumulative Roll Bond
  • Martensitic Stainless Steel
  • Stick Welding
  • Spring Steel