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Polymer Selection Approach for Commonly and Uncommonly Used Natural Fibers Under Uncertainty Environments

Abstract

Factors like awareness of the scarcity of non-renewable natural resources, high petroleum prices, and demands for environmental sustainability, as well as reducing the amount of environmental pollution, have led to a renewed interest in natural fiber reinforced polymer composites as a potential bio-based material type. The best polymer matrix type in view of the wide range of conflicting criteria to form a polymeric-based composite material suitable for sustainable industry under an uncertainty environment has still not been sufficiently determined. This work introduces a selection model to evaluate the available polymers for natural fibers to enhance the industrial sustainability theme. The model built was developed to evaluate various polymer types and to determine their relative merits taking account of various conflicting criteria for both commonly used and uncommonly used natural fibers utilizing the analytical hierarchy process technique. It was found that the choice of the best polymer type for a certain fiber type depends strongly on the polymers’ intrinsic desirable conflicting characteristics. Polymers evaluations are illustrated for different technical criteria in order to facilitate the polymer selection process for various industrial applications with high confidence levels.

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Correspondence to Faris M. AL-Oqla.

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AL-Oqla, F.M., Sapuan, S.M. Polymer Selection Approach for Commonly and Uncommonly Used Natural Fibers Under Uncertainty Environments. JOM 67, 2450–2463 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-015-1548-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-015-1548-8

Keywords

  • Analytical Hierarchy Process
  • Fiber Type
  • HDPE
  • LDPE
  • Natural Fiber