, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 44–52

Progress in Large-Scale Production of Graphene. Part 2: Vapor Methods


DOI: 10.1007/s11837-014-1237-z

Cite this article as:
Li, Y. & Chopra, N. JOM (2015) 67: 44. doi:10.1007/s11837-014-1237-z


Graphene is critical for applications in electronics, optical devices, thermal management, energy, and biosystems, while at the same time cost-effective and large-scale production of graphene is a challenge. In this regard, vapor phase graphene synthesis is a bottom-up approach, which could be compatible with device industry fabrication methods. Here, we review the state-of-the-art techniques developed for the scalable production of graphene in bottom-up approaches. These mainly include the epitaxial growth and chemical vapor deposition methods. Product quality, structure, and yields for different graphene growth techniques are discussed and specific examples are described. The article also emphasizes promising methods for scalable graphene production but still needing a deeper research understanding.

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Center for Materials for Information Technology (MINT)The University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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