, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 80–85 | Cite as

The Effects of an Unexpected Ceramic Coating Phase at the Head of a Pipe on Joining and Postprocessing of a Ceramic-Lined Composite Pipe

  • R. MahmoodianEmail author
  • R. G. Rahbari
  • M. Hamdi
  • M. A. Hassan
  • Mahdi Sparham

Produced ceramic-lined steel pipe using the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) method has found uses in many applications. A SHS-centrifugal machine was designed to produce a ceramic-lined steel pipe from ferric oxide and aluminum powder (thermite mixture) under high centrifugal acceleration. The obtained products are expected to be Al2O3 ceramic in the innermost layer and a Fe layer in a region between the outer steel pipes. In the present work, specific regions of a pipe was particularly observed to investigate the stuck (dead) spaces at the pipe head because of its importance in further processes (joining, welding, etc.) which may affect the quality of the next operations. In this article, the product’s composition, phase separation, microhardness, and surface finish were studied on three zones of the pipe.


Steel Pipe Combustion Synthesis AlFe3 Ceramic Layer Innermost Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was been supported by University of Malaya student grant, Postgraduate Research Fund (PPP), Malaysia Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE), and the High Impact Research-Joining Technology (HIR-D00000116001). Special thanks are due to Mr. Ali Mahmoodian, the CEO of Azarin Kar Ind. Co., for consulting and facilitating the design and fabrication of the SHS-centrifugal machine’s reaction chamber.


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Copyright information

© TMS 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Mahmoodian
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • R. G. Rahbari
    • 2
  • M. Hamdi
    • 1
    • 3
  • M. A. Hassan
    • 3
    • 5
  • Mahdi Sparham
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Engineering Design and ManufactureUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Restorative Dentistry Department, Dentistry FacultyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Center of Advanced Manufacturing and Materials Processing (AMMP)University of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  4. 4.Department of Research and DevelopmentAzarin Kar Ind. CoKermanIran
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt

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