, Volume 62, Issue 12, pp 80–85 | Cite as

Physical, chemical and antimicrobial characterization of copper-bearing material

  • Bowen Li
  • Jiann-Yang HwangEmail author
  • Jaroslaw Drelich
  • Domenic Popko
  • Susan Bagley
Research Summary Characterization of Next-Generation Materials


Arsenic, cadmium, copper, mercury, silver, and zinc are elements with strong antimicrobial properties. Among them, copper is more environmentally friendly and has both good antibacterial and antifungal properties. It has been shown that copper can even be effective against new viruses such as avian influenza (H5N1). Development of copper-bearing materials for various applications, therefore, is receiving increased attention. The Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan was the largest native copper mining regions of North America at the turn of the 20th century. Copper was extracted by mining the copper-rich basaltic rock, and steamdriven stamp mills were used to process a great volume of low-grade ores, resulting in huge amounts of crushed waste ore called stamp sands. Approximately 500 million tons of stamp sand were discarded. This material is investigated in this study as an example for the development of antimicrobial materials.


Kaolin Basaltic Rock Metallic Copper Inductively Couple Plasma Mass Spectrometer Cuprite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© TMS 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bowen Li
    • 1
  • Jiann-Yang Hwang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jaroslaw Drelich
    • 1
  • Domenic Popko
    • 3
  • Susan Bagley
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA
  3. 3.Lesktech LLCLake LindenUSA

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