Advertisement

JOM

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 46–49 | Cite as

Biomedical applications of titanium and its alloys

  • C. N. EliasEmail author
  • J. H. C. Lima
  • R. Valiev
  • M. A. Meyers
Overview Biological Materials Science

Abstract

Titanium alloys are considered to be the most attractive metallic materials for biomedical applications. Ti-6Al-4V has long been favored for biomedical applications. However, for permanent implant applications the alloy has a possible toxic effect resulting from released vanadium and aluminum. For this reason, vanadium-and aluminum-free alloys have been introduced for implant applications.

Keywords

Titanium Titanium Alloy Titanium Grade Removal Torque Metallic Biomaterial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C.B. Johansson, “On Tissue Reactions to Metal Implants” (PhD thesis, Dept. of Biomaterials/Handicap Research, University of Göteborg, Sweden, 1991).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.B Johansson et al., “Quantitative Comparison of Machined Commercially Pure Ti and Ti-6Al-4V Implant in Rabbit,” J. Oral Maxillofac. Implants, 13 (1998), p. 315.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.-I. Brånemark et al., “Osseointegrated Titanium Fixtures in the Treatment of Edentulousness,” Biomaterials, 4 (1983), pp. 25–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liliane S. Morais et al., “Titanium Alloy Mini-Implants for Orthodontic Anchorage: Immediate Loading and Metal Ion Release,” Acta Biomaterialia, 3(3) (2007), pp. 331–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.Z. Valiev, R.K. Islamgaliev, and I.V. Alexandrov, “Bulk Nanostructured Materials from Severe Plastic Deformation,” Prog. Mater. Sci., 45 (2000), p. 103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. Semenova et al., “Superplasticity in Ultrafine-Grained Titanium: Observations and Properties Studies” (Presentation at the Structural Materials Division Symposium: Mechanical Behavior of Nanostructured Materials, in Honor of Carl Koch: Poster Session: Mechanical Properties of Nanostructured Materials, TMS 2007 Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Orlando, FL, February 25–March 1, 2007).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S.M. Parel et al., “Remote Implant Anchorage for the Rehabilitation of Maxillary Defects,” J. Prosthet. Dent., 86 (2001), p. 377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L.R. Duarte et al., “The Establishment of a Protocol for the Total Rehabilitation of Atrophic Maxillae Employing Four Zygomatic Fixtures in an Immediate Loading System—A 30-Month Clinical and Radiographic Follow-Up,” Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 9(4) (2007), p. 186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© TMS 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. N. Elias
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. H. C. Lima
    • 1
  • R. Valiev
    • 2
  • M. A. Meyers
    • 3
  1. 1.Biomaterials LaboratoryInstituto Militar de EngenhariaRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.UFA State Aviation Technical UniversityUfaRussia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations