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End-of-life vehicle recycling in the european union

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Vehicles, essential to society, are continually increasing in use. However, throughout their life cycle vehicles impact the environment in several ways: energy and resource consumption, waste generation during manufacturing and use, and disposal at the end of their useful lives. About 75 percent of end-of-life vehicles, mainly metals, are recyclable in the European Union. The rest (∼25%) of the vehicle is considered waste and generally goes to landfills. Environmental legislation of the European Union requires the reduction of this waste to a maximum of 5 percent by 2015.

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Kanari, N., Pineau, J.L. & Shallari, S. End-of-life vehicle recycling in the european union. JOM 55, 15–19 (2003).

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