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Table 3 Summarized results of calculations carried out to test 7 uncertainty estimation methods with using the data of Table 1 and a mathematical model described by Eq. (21)

From: Computing Methods in the Analysis of Road Accident Reconstruction Uncertainty

Method Stopping distance Uncertainty of the stopping distance estimation Possible range of the stopping distance values
Absolute Relative
Sz (m) ΔSz (m) ΔSz/Sz (%) Shmin (m) Shmax (m)
EVM (Szmax+ Szmin)/2 (Szmax − Szmin)/2    
35.1   10.7 30.5 24.4 45.8
TDM Sz(0)      
 TDMM 34.2   10.7 31.3 23.5 44.9
 TDMS 34.2   6.49 19.0 27.7 40.7
TDM2 Sz(0)      
  34.2   11.3 33.0 22.9 45.5
FDM Sz(0)      
 FDMM 34.2   10.7 31.3 23.5 44.9
 FDMS 34.2   6.50 19.0 27.7 40.7
PrM \(\overline{S}_{z}\) \(\sigma_{{S_{z} }}\) Confidence level: 99.7%
  34.2 2.16 6.49 19.0 27.7 40.7
PrStM \(\overline{S}_{z}\) \(\sigma_{{S_{z} }}\) Confidence level: 99.7%
  34.2 2.14 6.43 18.8 27.7 40.6
MCM \(\overline{S}_{z}\) \(\sigma_{{S_{z} }}\) (Szmax − Szmin)/2    
Data with normal distribution 34.2 2.16 9.4 27.2 25.1 43.9
Data with uniform distribution 34.2 3.74 10.3 29.5 24.6 45.2