Meshfree and Particle Methods in Biomechanics: Prospects and Challenges

  • L. W. Zhang
  • A. S. Ademiloye
  • K. M. LiewEmail author
Original Paper


The use of meshfree and particle methods in the field of bioengineering and biomechanics has significantly increased. This may be attributed to their unique abilities to overcome most of the inherent limitations of mesh-based methods in dealing with problems involving large deformation and complex geometry that are common in bioengineering and computational biomechanics in particular. This review article is intended to identify, highlight and summarize research works on topics that are of substantial interest in the field of computational biomechanics in which meshfree or particle methods have been employed for analysis, simulation or/and modeling of biological systems such as soft matters, cells, biological soft and hard tissues and organs. We also anticipate that this review will serve as a useful resource and guide to researchers who intend to extend their work into these research areas. This review article includes 333 references.



The work described in this paper was fully supported by grants from the Research Grants Council (RGC) of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project No. 9042047, CityU 11208914), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant No. 11402142 and Grant No. 51378448).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors confirm that there is no financial and personal conflict of interest associated with the present work.

Ethical Approval

This work does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required.


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Copyright information

© CIMNE, Barcelona, Spain 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Engineering Mechanics, School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Zienkiewicz Centre for Computational Engineering, College of EngineeringSwansea University, Bay CampusSwanseaUK
  3. 3.Department of Architecture and Civil EngineeringCity University of Hong KongKowloonChina

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