Arthropod-Plant Interactions

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 411–419 | Cite as

Differences in arthropods found in flowers versus trapped in plant resins on Haplopappus platylepis Phil. (Asteraceae): Can the plant discriminate between pollinators and herbivores?

  • Cristian A. Villagra
  • Alvaro Astudillo Meza
  • Alejandro Urzúa
Original Paper

Abstract

Plants produce secondary metabolites related to ecologically relevant processes. These compounds include surface secretions such as latex, mucilage and resins that help plants face abiotic and biotic environmental threats such as drought, nutrient deficiency, extreme temperatures and UV radiation, as well as herbivory, pathogenic microorganisms and other natural enemies. We studied the resinous coating found on involucral bracts of Haplopappus platylepis Phil. (Asteraceae). This plant belongs to a speciose genus widely distributed in South America (Lane and Hartman in Am J Bot 83:356, 1996). H.platylepis is characterized by resinous fragrant leaves. In this species, resins cover the involucral bracts as well as young leaves and are also secreted on reproductive stalks in smaller amounts. We carried out chemical analysis and natural history observations in order to identify whether arthropods caught in inflorescence resin differed from the ones freely visiting floral disks. Regarding bracteal adhesive’s chemistry, we identified a mixture of diterpenoids and flavonoids; these compounds form a dense surface resin layer, especially over inflorescence’s bracts. In relation to associated arthropods, we found a marked difference in the main organisms captured by bracteal resin compared to insects we observed foraging on disk florets; Arthrobracus (Coleoptera: Melyridae) and Linepithema (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) were the predominant insects “trapped in resin”, while Diadasia (Hymenoptera: Apidae) was the most frequent “floral visitor”. We propose that bracteal resin of H. platylepis may function as a selective trap for non-mutualistic insects reaching reproductive structures of this plant and discuss other multiple possible roles for this secretion, including protocarnivory.

Keywords

Constitutive resistance Terpenoids Larcenist Diadasia chilensis Lioptilodes friasi 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristian A. Villagra
    • 1
  • Alvaro Astudillo Meza
    • 2
  • Alejandro Urzúa
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de Entomología, Facultad de Ciencias BásicasUMCESantiagoChile
  2. 2.Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Química Ecológica, Facultad de Química y BiologíaUniversidad de Santiago de ChileSantiagoChile

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