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Comparison of electrodialysis and reverse electrodialysis processes in the removal of Cu(II) from dilute solutions

Abstract

Electrodialysis (ED) and electrodialysis reversal (EDR) processes have been often used for separation of ions in dilute solutions. In this study, the performance of ED and EDR processes has been examined in the removal of copper from the dilute solutions. First, applied voltage, initial concentration, flow rate, type of electrolyte and the effect of concentration were determined for both processes. Then, separation efficiency, current efficiency, energy requirement and material flux of the processes were calculated, and the performances of the processes were compared. The separation efficiency and energy consumption of EDR process were higher compared to ED process under equal operating conditions. Also, the current efficiency (39.58%) of EDR process was lower than the current efficiency (67.46%) of ED process. It can be said that the ED process is more suitable in terms of energy consumption for separation in the low flow rate and concentration.

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Correspondence to Sureyya Altin.

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Altin, S., Oztekin, E. & Altin, A. Comparison of electrodialysis and reverse electrodialysis processes in the removal of Cu(II) from dilute solutions. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 34, 2218–2224 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-017-0115-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-017-0115-0

Keywords

  • Electrodialysis
  • Electrodialysis Reversal
  • Cu (II) Removal
  • Process Performance