We investigated the physicochemical properties, chemical composition, stability and antioxidant activity from seed oil of Salicornia herbaciea grown in Korea. The density, refractive index, acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, saponification value, and unsaponifiable matter of oil were 0.91mg/mL, 1.48 at 20 °C, 1.89mg KOH/g oil, 10.20 mEq/kg oil, 1.08 g I/g oil, 216.21 mg KOH/g oil, and 2.60%, respectively. The major fatty acids were linoleic acid (43.73%), oleic acid (19.81%), arachidic acid (13.52%), and palmitic acid (11.84%), respectively. The oil contained high levels of α-tocopherol (249.2 mg/kg oil), followed by δ-tocopherol (89.3 mg/kg), and γ-tocopherol (75.6 mg/kg oil). The oil was found to have high levels of β-sitosterol (94.5mg/kg oil) and stigmasterol (65.7mg/kg oil), respectively. The total phenol, chlorophyll and β-carotene content of oil was 15.2, 94.5, and 8.2 mg/kg oil, respectively. The oil had good oxidative stability during 60 days of storage in a dark area at 50 °C. The maximum degradation rates of the oil were observed at 242.3 °C (9.5%/min), 382.6 °C (5.2%/min), and 440.7 °C (1.3%/min), respectively, where the rate of the weight decrease increased to a maximum up to this point. The ABTS radical scavenging activity of the oil was increased from 50.2 to 71.8% when the oil concentration extracted by methanol was increased from 100 to 300 μg/mL. This study suggests that S. herbaciea seed oil has potential use in functional foods, cosmetics or pharmaceuticals.
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