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Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 31, Issue 12, pp 2221–2228 | Cite as

Characterization, stability, and antioxidant activity of Salicornia herbaciea seed oil

  • Dubok Choi
  • Geum-Sook Lim
  • Yu Lan Piao
  • On-You Choi
  • Ki-An Cho
  • Choon-Bae Park
  • Young-Cheol Chang
  • Young-Il Song
  • Myung-Koo Lee
  • Hoon ChoEmail author
Biotechnology

Abstract

We investigated the physicochemical properties, chemical composition, stability and antioxidant activity from seed oil of Salicornia herbaciea grown in Korea. The density, refractive index, acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, saponification value, and unsaponifiable matter of oil were 0.91mg/mL, 1.48 at 20 °C, 1.89mg KOH/g oil, 10.20 mEq/kg oil, 1.08 g I/g oil, 216.21 mg KOH/g oil, and 2.60%, respectively. The major fatty acids were linoleic acid (43.73%), oleic acid (19.81%), arachidic acid (13.52%), and palmitic acid (11.84%), respectively. The oil contained high levels of α-tocopherol (249.2 mg/kg oil), followed by δ-tocopherol (89.3 mg/kg), and γ-tocopherol (75.6 mg/kg oil). The oil was found to have high levels of β-sitosterol (94.5mg/kg oil) and stigmasterol (65.7mg/kg oil), respectively. The total phenol, chlorophyll and β-carotene content of oil was 15.2, 94.5, and 8.2 mg/kg oil, respectively. The oil had good oxidative stability during 60 days of storage in a dark area at 50 °C. The maximum degradation rates of the oil were observed at 242.3 °C (9.5%/min), 382.6 °C (5.2%/min), and 440.7 °C (1.3%/min), respectively, where the rate of the weight decrease increased to a maximum up to this point. The ABTS radical scavenging activity of the oil was increased from 50.2 to 71.8% when the oil concentration extracted by methanol was increased from 100 to 300 μg/mL. This study suggests that S. herbaciea seed oil has potential use in functional foods, cosmetics or pharmaceuticals.

Keywords

Salicornia herbaciea Seed Oil Fatty Acids Stability Antioxidant Activity 

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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dubok Choi
    • 1
  • Geum-Sook Lim
    • 2
  • Yu Lan Piao
    • 3
  • On-You Choi
    • 4
    • 5
  • Ki-An Cho
    • 4
    • 5
  • Choon-Bae Park
    • 6
  • Young-Cheol Chang
    • 7
  • Young-Il Song
    • 8
  • Myung-Koo Lee
    • 1
  • Hoon Cho
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacy, College of PharmacyChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuKorea
  2. 2.Interdisciplinary Program of Perfume and CosmeticsChonnam National University Graduate SchoolGwangjuKorea
  3. 3.Department of Biochemical Polymer Science & EngineeringChosun UniversityGwangjuKorea
  4. 4.Biochem Lab.Shinchon E&C R&DGwangjuKorea
  5. 5.Department of Medicine ManagementChodang UniversityJeonnamKorea
  6. 6.Department of Information & Communication EngineeringWonkwang UniversityIksanKorea
  7. 7.Biosystem Course, Division of Applied SciencesMuroran Institute of TechnologyMuroranJapan
  8. 8.Leaders in Industry University Cooperation (LINC)Chosun UniversityGwangjuKorea

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