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Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1265–1271 | Cite as

Fabrication and modification of polyvinylchloride based heterogeneous cation exchange membranes by simultaneously using Fe-Ni oxide nanoparticles and Ag nanolayer: Physico-chemical and antibacterial characteristics

  • Akbar ZendehnamEmail author
  • Mina Arabzadegan
  • Sayed Mohsen HosseiniEmail author
  • Nasrin Robatmili
  • Sayed Siavash Madaeni
Environmental Engineering

Abstract

Polyvinylchloride-blend-styrene butadiene rubber based nanocomposite cation exchange membranes were prepared by solution casting technique. Iron-oxide nanoparticles and Ag-nanolayer were simultaneously utilized as filler and surface modifier in membrane fabrication. The effects of Ag-nanolayer film thickness on membrane physicochemical and antibacterial characteristics of nanocomposite PVC-blend-SBR/Iron-oxide nanoparticles were studied. SEM images showed membrane roughness decreasing by Ag nanolayer thickness increasing. Membrane charge density and selectivity declined by Ag nanolayer coating up to 5 nm in membranes and then showed increasing trend by more nanolayer thickness. Ionic flux also showed increasing trend. Membranes showed good ability in E-Coli removal. 20 nm Ag-nanolayer coated membrane showed better performance compared to others.

Key words

Cation Exchange Membrane Fabrication/Modification Ag Nanolayer/Fe-Ni Oxide Nanoparticles Physico Chemical/Antibacterial Characteristic Synergy Phenomenon 

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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akbar Zendehnam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mina Arabzadegan
    • 1
  • Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nasrin Robatmili
    • 1
  • Sayed Siavash Madaeni
    • 3
  1. 1.Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physic, Faculty of ScienceArak UniversityArakIran
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringArak UniversityArakIran
  3. 3.Membrane Research Centre, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringRazi UniversityKermanshahIran

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