Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 29, Issue 7, pp 831–850 | Cite as

Bioprocessing aspects of fuels and chemicals from biomass

Invited Review Paper

Abstract

This review deals with a recent development of biofuels and chemicals from biomass. Some of the grainbased biofuels and chemicals have already been in commercial operation, including fuel ethanol, biodiesel, 1.3-propanediol, polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxy butyric acid/alkanoates (PHB/PHA). The next generation bioproducts will be based on lignocellulosics due to their abundance and to stabilize rising food prices. However, the technologies of handling biomass are yet in their infancy and suffer from low yield, low product titer, and low productivity. This review focuses on bioprocessing technologies for biofuels production: organic raw biomaterials available in Korea; volatile fatty acids platform, multi-stage continuous high cell density culture (MSC-HCDC), enrichment of fermentation broth by forward osmosis; various purification methods of pervaporation of ethanol, solvent extraction on succinic, lactic acids and reactive separation methods.

Key words

Biorefinery Productivity Product Titer High Cell Density Culture Products Enrichment Separation 

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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sun Uk Lee
    • 1
  • Kwonsu Jung
    • 1
  • Gwon Woo Park
    • 1
  • Charles Seo
    • 1
  • Yeon Ki Hong
    • 2
  • Won Hi Hong
    • 1
  • Ho Nam Chang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringKAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)DaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Biological EngineeringKorea National University of TransportationChungbukKorea

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