Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 446–451 | Cite as

Cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to butyl glycidyl ether using imidazolium salt ionic liquid as a catalyst

  • Jeong-In Yu
  • Hye-Young Ju
  • Kyung-Hoon Kim
  • Dae-Won Park
Catalysis, Reaction Engineering, Industrial Chemistry


The catalytic performance of imidazolium salt ionic liquids in the cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to butyl glycidyl ether (BGE) was investigated. The catalytic activity was tested with different imidazolium salt ionic liquids at 60–140 °C under 0.62–2.17 MPa of CO2 pressure. The imidazolium salt ionic liquid with the cation of bulkier alkyl chain length and with more nucleophilic anion showed higher conversion of BGE. High carbon dioxide pressure and high reaction temperature up to 140 °C was favorable for the high reactivity of the catalyst. The presence of zinc bromide co-catalyst enhanced the reactivity of the imidazolium salt ionic liquid. Kinetic studies with a semi-batch reactor revealed that the reaction could be considered as first order with respect to the concentration of BGE, and the activation energy was estimated as 22.6 and 22.8 kJ/mol for 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (EMImCl) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMImCl), respectively.

Key words

Imidazolium Salt Ionic Liquid Butyl Glycidyl Ether Carbon Dioxide 


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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeong-In Yu
    • 1
  • Hye-Young Ju
    • 1
  • Kyung-Hoon Kim
    • 1
  • Dae-Won Park
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Chemical EngineeringPusan National UniversityBusanKorea

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