GeoScope: Full 3D geospatial information system case study

  • Yeting ZhangEmail author
  • Qing Zhu
  • Gang Liu
  • Wenting Zheng
  • Zhonghua Li
  • Zhiqiang Du


Aiming at the integrative management and comprehensive applications of large-scale 3D geospatial information covering the full 3D space of a city, this paper briefly introduces the design and implementation of a full 3D GIS platform: GeoScope, which provides a professional solution for the massive full three-dimensional geospatial data integration, management, analysis, visualization, and applications. GeoScope is characterized by: (1) extendible software architecture based on the hierarchical message bus, facilitates multimodal integrative applications of 2D GIS and 3D GIS; (2) unified 3D city models, support multiscale semantic representation of outdoor & indoor and aboveground & underground 3D objects; (3) high-efficient 3D geospatial database engine, supports integrated management of massive 3D geospatial data for real-time applications; and (4) high-performance visualization engine exploiting the massively parallel computation architecture of modern GPUs, supports real-time realistic rendering of large-scale complicated 3D geospatial environments. The successful pilot application of GeoScope is also illustrated with the 3D city models of 8494 km2 of the whole Wuhan City, the largest city in middle China.


3D geospatial information system 3D city models database engine visual analysis levels of detail semantic relationship 

CLC number



  1. [1]
    Jones R (2009) Integration of regional to outcrop digital data: 3D visualisation of multi-scale geological models [J]. Computers & Geosciences, 35(1): 4–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Tegtmeier W, Zlatanova S, van Oosterom P (2009) Information management in civil engineering infrastructural development: with focus on geological geotechnical information [C]. Proceedings of the ISPRS workshop, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Kolbe T, Grögerm G (2003) Towards unified 3D city models [C]. Proceedings of Joint ISPRS Workshop “Challenges in Geospatial Analysis, Integration and Visualization”, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Zhu Q, Li D, Zhang Y, et al. (2002) CyberCity GIS (CCGIS): Integration of DEMs, images, and 3D models [J]. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 68(4): 361–367Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Zhu Q, Hu M, Zhang Y, et al. (2009) Research and practice in three-dimensional city modelling [J]. Geo-Spatial Information Science, 12(1): 18–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    OGC (2010) OpenGIS® City Geography Markup Language (CityGML) Encoding Standard version 1.0.0, 08-007r1 [OL].
  7. [7]
    Goodchild M, Yuan M, Cova T (2007) Towards a general theroy of geographic representation in GIS [J]. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 21(3): 239–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    van Oosterom P, Stoter J (2010) 5D data modelling: full integration of 2D/3D space, time and scale dimensions [J]. GIScience, LNCS 6292: 310–324Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Zhu Q, Li F, Zhang Y (2005) Unified representation of three dimensional city models [C]. ISPRS Workshop on Service and Application of Spatial Data Infrastructure, XXXVI(4/W6), Hangzhou, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Zhu Q, Li X, Zhang Y, et al. (2011) Design and implementation of a high-performance 3D GIS database engine [J]. Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University, 36(2): 127–132Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Wuhan University and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yeting Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qing Zhu
    • 1
  • Gang Liu
    • 2
  • Wenting Zheng
    • 3
  • Zhonghua Li
    • 4
  • Zhiqiang Du
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote SensingWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)WuhanChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of CAD&CGZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  4. 4.Wuhan Land Resources and Planning Information CenterWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations