Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Evaluation of the Hydrodynamic Performance of Planing Boat with Trim Tab and Interceptor and Its Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm

  • Research Article
  • Published:
Journal of Marine Science and Application Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Nowadays, several stern devices are attracting a great deal of attention. The control surface is an effective apparatus for improving the hydrodynamic performance of planing hulls and is considered an important element in the design of planing hulls. Control surfaces produce forces and a pitching moment due to the pressure distribution that they cause, which can be used to change the running state of high-speed marine boats. This work elaborates a new study to evaluate the hydrodynamic performance of a planing boat with a trim tab and an interceptor, and optimizes them by using an optimization algorithm. The trim tab and the interceptor have been used to optimize the running trim and motion control of semi-planing and planing boats at various speeds and sea conditions for many years. In this paper, the usage of trim tab is mathematically verified and experimental equations are utilized to optimize the performance of a planing boat at a specificd trim angle by using an optimization algorithm. The genetic algorithm (GA) is one of the most useful optimizing methods and is used in this study. The planing boat equations were programmed according to Savitsky’s equations and then analyzed in the framework of the GA-based optimization for performance improvement of theplaning hull. The optimal design of trim tab and interceptor for planing boat can be considered a multi-objective problem. The input data of GA include different parameters, such as speed, longitudinal center of gravity, and deadrise angle. We can extract the best range of forecasting the planing boat longitudinal center of gravity, the angle of the trim, and the least drag force at the best trim angle of the boat.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

Similar content being viewed by others

Abbreviations

M :

Displacement of boat

F :

Hydrodynamic force

β :

Deadrise angle

ρ :

Density of water

C L0 :

C at zero deadrise angle

C :

Lift coefficient

C P :

Pressure coefficient

C F :

Frictional drag coefficient

C L TB :

Lift coefficient of trim tab

C L Int :

Lift coefficient of interceptor

λ :

Mean wetted length-to-beam ratio

l p :

Longitudinal center of pressure

L K :

Keel wetted length

L C :

Chine wetted length

L TB :

Lift of trim tab

D TB :

Drag of trim tab

M TB :

Moment of trim tab

L c TB :

Chord length of trim tab

α TB :

Trim tab deflection

L Int :

Lift of interceptor

D Int :

Drag of interceptor

M Int :

Moment of interceptor

L c Int :

Chord length of interceptor

α Int :

Interceptor deflection

τ :

Trim angle

Fn B :

Beam Froude number

Rn :

Reynolds number

B :

Breadth of the boat

V :

Boat velocity

g :

Gravitational acceleration

D f :

Frictional resistance

S :

Wetted surface of the boat

v :

Kinematic viscosity of the water

α :

Trim tab angle

x cp :

Center of lift force of trim tab

x l :

Distance from the center of lift force of trim tab to center of gravity

LCG:

Longitudinal center of gravity

VCG:

Vertical center of gravity

References

  • Begovic E, Bertorello C (2012) Resistance assessment of warped hullform. Ocean Eng 56:28–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2012.08.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Benford H (1991) Naval architecture for non-naval architects. Society of Naval Architects, Jersey ISBN 0939773082

    Google Scholar 

  • Biliotti I, Brizzolara S, Viviani M, Vernengo G, Ruscelli D, Galliussi M, Domenico G, Manfredini A (2011) Automatic parametric hull form optimization of fast naval vessels. In 11th international conference on fast sea transportation (FAST), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

  • Blount DL, Codega LT (1992) Dynamic stability of planing boats. Mar Technol 29:4–12 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281333731

    Google Scholar 

  • Brizzolara S (2003) Hydrodynamic analysis of interceptors with CFD methods. In FAST2003, 49–56

  • Brizzolara S, Molini A (2005) Hydrodynamics of interceptors: a fundamental study. In Proceedings ICMRT 2005, International Conference on Maritime Research and Transportation, Ischia (Naples), Italy, 19–21

  • Brizzolara S, Vernengo G (2016) A three-dimensional vortex method for the hydrodynamic solution of planing cambered dihedral surfaces. Eng Ana Boundary Elements 63:15–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enganabound.2015.10.008

    Article  MathSciNet  MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Brizzolara S, Villa D (2009) A Systematic Cfd Analysis Of Flaps/Interceptors Hydrodynamic Performance. In Proceedings 10th International Conference on Fast Sea Transportation (FAST 2009), Athens

  • Brown PW (1971) An experimental and theoretical study of planing surfaces with trim flaps. Stevens Inst of Tech Hoboken NJ Davidson Lab

  • Campana E, Peri FD, Tahara Y, Stern F (2006) Shape optimization in ship hydrodynamics using computational fluid dynamics. Comput Methods Appl Mech Eng 196:634–651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cma.2006.06.003

    Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Dawson D, Blount D (2002) Trim Control. Professional boatbuilder, nr 75 February/march, pp. 140–149

  • Deakin B, Scarponi M (2009) Avoiding and solving problems in motor yacht design. YEF–Yacht Engineering Forum, www.wumtia.soton.ac.uk/sites/default/files/uploads/pages/SeatecYEF2009.pdf

  • Faison LA (2014) Design of a high speed planing hull with a cambered step and surface piercing hydrofoils. Thesis type, Massachusetts institute of technology

  • Ferrando M, Gaggero S (2015) Open Source Computations of Planing Hull Resistance. Int J Small Craft Tech 157, Part B2. https://doi.org/10.3940/rina.ijsct.2015.b2.172

  • Gaggero S, Juan G-A, Perez SM (2016) Design of contracted and tip loaded propellers by using boundary element methods and optimization algorithms. Appl Ocean Res 55:102–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2015.12.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ghadimi P, Loni A, Nowruzi H, Dashtimanesh A, Tavakoli S (2014) Parametric study of the effects of trim tabs on running trim and resistance of planing hulls. Advanced Shipping and Ocean Engineering, http://www.academicpub.org/asoe/paperInfo.aspx?paperid=15826

  • Ikeda Y, Katayama T (2000) Stability of high speed craft. Contemporary ideas on ship stability, 401–09. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008043652-4/50031-6

  • Kim DJ, Young KS, Jun YY, Pyo RK, Hwan KS, Gyu KY (2013) Design of high-speed planing hulls for the improvement of resistance and seakeeping performance. Int J Naval Arch Ocean Eng 5:161–177. https://doi.org/10.2478/IJNAOE-2013-0124

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mansoori M, Fernandes AC (2015) Hydrodynamics of the interceptor on a 2-D flat plate by CFD and experiments. J Hydrodyn Ser B 27:919–933. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6058(15)60555-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mansoori M, Fernandes AC (2016) The interceptor hydrodynamic analysis for controlling the porpoising instability in high speed crafts. Appl Ocean Res 57:40–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2016.02.006

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mansoori M, Fernandes AC (2017a) Hydrodynamics of the interceptor analysis via both Ultrareduced model test and dynamic computational fluid dynamics simulation. J Offshore Mech Arctic Eng 139:021101. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4034615

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mansoori M, Fernandes AC (2017b) Interceptor and trim tab combination to prevent interceptor's unfit effects. Ocean Eng 134:140–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2017.02.024

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mansoori M, Fernandes AC, Ghassemi H (2017) Interceptor design for optimum trim control and minimum resistance of planing boats. Appl Ocean Res 69:100–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2017.10.006

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Maritime-Dynamics Inc Report (2011) Interceptors/trim tabs/force producers for ship motion control. MDI Report. http://maritimedynamics.com/interceptor.pdf

  • Matveev KI, Ockfen AE (2009) Modeling of hard-chine hulls in transitional and early planing regimes by hydrodynamic point sources. Int Shipbuild Prog 56:1–13. https://doi.org/10.3233/ISP-2009-0052

    Google Scholar 

  • Metcalf BJ, Lisa F, Elissa B, Jonathan S (2005) Resistance tests of a systematic series of US coast guard planing hulls. Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Div, Bethesda

    Google Scholar 

  • Peláez G, Martín E, Lamas AM, Ulloa AF, Prieto D (2010) Preliminary study of a new stern device to improve efficiency in a fishing vessel. In First International Symposium on Fishing Vessel Energy Efficiency, E-Fishing, Vigo, Spain, May

  • Sakaki A, Ghassemi H, Aslansefat K, Sadeghian M (2017) Optimization of the drag force of planing boat with trim control system using genetic algorithm. Ame J Mech Eng 5:161–166. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajme-5-4-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Savander BR, Scorpio SM, Taylor RK (2002) Steady hydrodynamic analysis of planing surfaces. J Ship Res 46:248–279

    Google Scholar 

  • Savitsky D (1964) Hydrodynamic design of planing hulls. Mar Technol 1

  • Savitsky D, Brown PW (1976) Procedures for hydrodynamic evaluation of planing hulls in smooth and rough water. Mar Technol 13:381–400

    Google Scholar 

  • Sottorf W (1934) Experiments with planing surfaces report/patent number, NACA-TM-739

  • Veysi TGS, Bakhtiari M, Ghassemi H, Ghiasi M (2015) Toward numerical modeling of the stepped and non-stepped planing hull. J Braz Soc Mech Sci Eng 37:1635–1645. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40430-014-0266-4

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hassan Ghassemi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sakaki, A., Ghassemi, H. & Keyvani, S. Evaluation of the Hydrodynamic Performance of Planing Boat with Trim Tab and Interceptor and Its Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm. J. Marine. Sci. Appl. 18, 131–141 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-018-0040-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11804-018-0040-6

Keywords

Navigation