In this study, a total of 115,246 ground motions recorded during earthquakes of Moment magnitudes ranging from Mw 5.0 to Mw 9.0 are analyzed statistically. A total of 21 ground motion parameters characterising the recorded acceleration time histories are used in the analysis. Classification of these parameters through statistical correlation is reported and a parameter called “distance from zero-amplitude axis,” or dZ-A, is formulated in the principal component space. The ability for dZ-A to rate the damage potentials of strong motion records is evaluated through correlation of dZ-A with Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) instrumental seismic intensities. This parameter can be used to rate damage potential of any strong motion record irrespective of the magnitude and location of the earthquake. It can also be used in selecting ground motion records of appropriate damage potential in seismic design and probabilistic analysis.
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Bhargavi, P., Raghukanth, S.T.G. Rating damage potential of ground motion records. Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vib. 18, 233–254 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11803-019-0501-1
- damage potential
- principal component analysis
- ground motion parameters
- zero-amplitude axis