Experimental and analytical studies on multiple tuned mass dampers for seismic protection of porcelain electrical equipment
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Porcelain electrical equipment (PEE), such as current transformers, is critical to power supply systems, but its seismic performance during past earthquakes has not been satisfactory. This paper studies the seismic performance of two typical types of PEE and proposes a damping method for PEE based on multiple tuned mass dampers (MTMD). An MTMD damping device involving three mass units, named a triple tuned mass damper (TTMD), is designed and manufactured. Through shake table tests and finite element analysis, the dynamic characteristics of the PEE are studied and the effectiveness of the MTMD damping method is verified. The adverse influence of MTMD redundant mass to damping efficiency is studied and relevant equations are derived. MTMD robustness is verified through adjusting TTMD control frequencies. The damping effectiveness of TTMD, when the peak ground acceleration far exceeds the design value, is studied. Both shake table tests and finite element analysis indicate that MTMD is effective and robust in attenuating PEE seismic responses. TTMD remains effective when the PGA far exceeds the design value and when control deviations are considered.
Keywordscurrent transformer damping porcelain electrical equipment finite element analysis multiple tuned mass dampers shake table test
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The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Scientific Research Fund of IEM, CEA (Grant No. 2016B09, 2014B12) and China Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 51478442, 51408565). Also, the assistance provided by the technicians (Mr. Xia, Mr. Chen, Mr. Lin, Mr. Lu and Mr. He) of IEM during shake table tests is acknowledged.
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