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Early development of Silvetia babingtonii (Fucales, Phaeophyceae)

Abstract

Silvetia babingtonii is a potentially economic brown alga for sources of food and high-value added utilization. So far, sporeling nursery and field cultivation has not been successful. The lack of knowledge on development and life cycle of this alga hinder the development of techniques for the sporeings and cultivation. In this study, internal structure of oogonium and antherium of S. babingtonii was observed with hematoxylin and eosin staining and through microscope. Meanwhile, early development from zygotes to juvenile sporelings was studied at 20°C under 60–100 μmol photons m−2s−1. Zygotes germinated and divided into thallus and rhizoid cells. The larger thallus cells further divided and developed into juvenile sporelings; while the smaller rhizoid cells divided and elongated into rhizoid hairs. These findings documented the life cycle of S. babingtonii and provided fundamental knowledge for sporeling nursery in the near future.

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Correspondence to Gaoge Wang.

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Wang, G., Wei, X., Shuai, L. et al. Early development of Silvetia babingtonii (Fucales, Phaeophyceae). J. Ocean Univ. China 13, 677–682 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11802-014-2220-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11802-014-2220-6

Key words

  • Silvetia babingtonii
  • conceptacles
  • early development
  • life cycle
  • receptacles