Journal of Ocean University of China

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 303–309 | Cite as

Benthic macrofaunal assemblage in the arid zone mangroves of gulf of Kachchh-Gujarat

  • A. Saravanakumar
  • J. Sesh Serebiah
  • G. A. Thivakaran
  • M. Rajkumar
Article

Abstract

The total benthic macrofauna consisting of 62 species in 5 groups, viz. crustaceans (18), gastropods (17), bivalves (16), polychaetes (9) and fishes (2), was recorded in western Kachchh mangroves near Gujarat. The population densities of benthic macrofauna ranged from 424 to 2393 ind.m−2, the diversity ranged from 1.84 to 2.45 bits ind.−1, the richness varied between 0.82 and 0.98, and the evenness varied between 0.64 and 0.81. Two maximum diversity values were recorded during winter and summer. The salinity ranged from 34 to 44, temperature varied between 17 and 37°C, and the acidity ranged from 7 to 8.9.

Key words

mangroves Gulf of Kachchh macrofauna 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ansari, Z. A., B. S. Ingole, G. Banerjee, and A. H. Parulekar, 1986. Spatial and temporal changes in benthic macrofauna from Mandovi and Zuari estuaries of Goa, West coast of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 15: 223–229.Google Scholar
  2. Antony, A., and V. J. Kuttyamma, 1985. The influence of salinity on the distribution of polychaetes in the Vembanad estuary, Kerala. Bull. Dept. Mar. Sci., XIII: 121–131.Google Scholar
  3. Arthur, R., 2000. Coral bleaching and mortality in three Indian reef regions during an El Nino southern oscillation event. Curr. Sci., 79: 12.Google Scholar
  4. Balasubramanyan, K., 1994. Microinvertebrate benthic fauna of Pitchavaram mangroves. In: A Training Manual. Sanjay V. Deshmukh and Balaji, V., eds., Conservation of Mangroves Forest Genetic Resources: M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India, 257–259.Google Scholar
  5. Bell, S. S., 1979. Short and long term variation in a high marsh meiofauna community. Estuar. Coastal Mar. Sci., 9: 331–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Camillieri, J., 1989. Leaf choice by Crustaceans in a mangrove forest in Queensland. Mar. Biol., 102(4): 453–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chakraborthy, S. K., T. K. Poddar, and A. Choudhmy, 1992. Species diversity of macrozoobenthos of Sagar Island, Sunderbans, India. Proc. Zool. Soc., Calcutta, 45(A): 435–444.Google Scholar
  8. Chakraborthy, S. K., and A. Choudhury, 1992. Ecological studies on the zonation of Brachyuran crabs in a virgin mangrove island of Sunderbans. Indian. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 34(1–2): 189–194.Google Scholar
  9. Chandran, R., 1987. Hydrobiological studies in the gradient zone of the velar estuary, IV. Benthic fauna. Mahasagar-Bull. Natn. Inst. Oceanogr., 20(1): 1–13.Google Scholar
  10. Chhapgar, B. F., 1957. On marine crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura) of Bombay state. J. Bombay Nat. Hit. Soc., 54: 399–549.Google Scholar
  11. Crane, J., 1975. Fiddler crabs of the world. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 736pp.Google Scholar
  12. Das, A. K., and M. K. D. Roy, 1989. A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Zool. Sur. India, 173pp.Google Scholar
  13. De Souza, S. N., and R. S. Gupta, 1986. Variations of dissolved oxygen in Mandovi and Zuari estuaries. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 15: 67–71.Google Scholar
  14. De, C., 1998. Biological reworking of sediments by Crabs: A cause for erosion of the Diha beach, West Bengal. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 75: 617–620.Google Scholar
  15. Desai, P., 1992. Coastal Environmental of Gujarat.: Special reference to the Gulf of Kachchh. (Remote Sensing Application Mission). Coastal Environement, Space Application Centre (ISRO), Ahmedabad, 129–146.Google Scholar
  16. Devi, K. S., and P. Venugopal, 1989. Benthos of Cochin backwaters receiving industrial effluents. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 18: 165–169.Google Scholar
  17. Devi, L. P., 1994. Ecology of Coleroon estuary: Studies on benthic fauna. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 36(1&2): 260–266.Google Scholar
  18. Divakaran, O., T. Murugan, and N. B. Nair, 1981. Distribution and seasonal variation of the benthic fauna of the Ashtamudi lake, south-west coast of India. Mahasagar-Bull. Natn. Inst. Oceanogr., 14(3): 167–172.Google Scholar
  19. Gibson, R. N., 1982. Recent studies on the biology of intertidal fishes. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 20: 363–414.Google Scholar
  20. Gleason, H. A., 1922. On the relation between species and area. Ecology, 3: 156–162.Google Scholar
  21. GUIDE (Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology), 1999. Ranns and Desertification. Submitted to UNDP-Phase I report. State (Environmental Action Programme: Gujarat), Gujarat, 240pp.Google Scholar
  22. GUIDE (Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology), 2000. An Ecological Study of Kachchh Mangroves and Its Associated Fauna with Reference to Its Management and Conservation. Phase I report, Gujarat, 74pp.Google Scholar
  23. Harikantra, S. N., Z. A. Ayyappan, Z. A. Ansari, and H. Parulekar, 1980. Benthos of the shelf region along the west coast of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 9(2): 106–110.Google Scholar
  24. Jones, D. A., 1984. Crabs of the mangal ecosystem In: Hydrobiology of the Mangal. Por, F. D. and Dor, I., eds., Dr. W. Job. Publishers, Hague, Netherlands, 89–109.Google Scholar
  25. Kasinathan, R., and A. Shanmugam, 1986. Benthic macrofauna of the Pichavaram mangroves, South India. J. Annamalai University science, Part-B, 34: 109–119.Google Scholar
  26. Kondalrao, B., and K. Ramanamurthy, 1988. Ecology of intertidal meiofauna of the Kakinada Bay (Gautami-Godavari estuarine system), eastcoast of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 17: 40–47.Google Scholar
  27. Kumar, R. S., 1997. Vertical distribution and abundance of sediment dwelling macro invertebrates in an estuarine mangrove biotope, southwest coast of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 26: 26–30.Google Scholar
  28. Kumar, R. S., and A. Antony, 1994. Preliminary studies on the polychaete fauna of the mangrove areas of Cochin. In: Proceedings of the 6 th Kerala Science Congress. Kerala, T., and R. Ravikumar, eds., State Committee on Science, Technology and Environment, Thiruvananthapuram, India, 74–77.Google Scholar
  29. Kumar, R. S., 1995. Macro benthos in the mangrove ecosystem of Cochin backwaters, Kerala (Southwest coast of India). Indian J. Mar. Sci., 24: 56–61.Google Scholar
  30. Kumar, R. S., 2001. Intertidal zonation and seasonality of benthos in a tropical mangrove. Int. J. Ecol. Environ. Sci., 27: 199–208.Google Scholar
  31. Malley, D. T., 1978. Degradation of mangrove leaf litter by the tropical Seasarmid crab, Chiromanthes onchophorun. Mar. Biol., 49: 377–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Maruthamuthu, S., K. Thivakaran, K. Sriraman, and R. Kasinathan, 1985. Some observations on the biology of periwinkle Littorina scabra (Linne, 1758). Proc. Indian Acd. Sci., (Ani. Sci) 95: 269–278.Google Scholar
  33. Matilal, S., B. B. Mukherjee, N. Chatterjee, and M. D. Gupta, 1986. Studies on soil and vegetation of mangrove forests of Sunderbans. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 15: 181–184.Google Scholar
  34. Mishra, A., and A. Choudhury, 1985. Proceedings of national symposium on biology, utilization and conservation of mangroves, 448pp.Google Scholar
  35. Mohammed, S. Z., 1995. Observation on the benthic macrofauna of the soft sediment on western side of the Arabian Gulf (ROPME sea area) with respect to 1991 Gulf war oil spill. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 24: 147–152.Google Scholar
  36. Onuf, C. P., J. M. Teal, and L. Valiela, 1997. Interactions of nutrients, plant growth and herbivory in a mangrove ecosystem. Ecology, 58: 514–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Parulekar, A., 1994. Benthic fauna of mangrove environment. In: Conservation of Mangrove Forest Genetic Resources: A training manual. Sanjay V. D. and V. Balaji, eds., CRSARD, Chennai, 128 pp.Google Scholar
  38. Parulekar, A. H., and A. B. Waugh, 1975. Quantitative studies on the benthic macrofauna of northeastern Arabian sea shelf. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 4: 174–176.Google Scholar
  39. Parulekar, A. H., and Z. A. Anzari, 1981. Benthic macrofauna of the Andaman sea. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 10(3): 280–287.Google Scholar
  40. Parulekar, A. H., V. K. Dhargalkar, and S. Y. S. Singbal, 1980. Benthic studies in Goa estuaries. Part III. Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 9: 189–200.Google Scholar
  41. Patra, K. C., A. B. Bhunia, and A. Mitra, 1988. Ecology of macrobenthos from a coastal zone of West Bengal. CMFRI Spl. Publ., 40: 45 pp.Google Scholar
  42. Patra, K. C., A. B. Bhunia, and A. Mitra, 1990. Ecology of macrobenthos in a tidal creek and adjoining mangroves in West Bengal, India. Environ. Ecol., 8(2): 539–547.Google Scholar
  43. Pearson, T. H., and R. Rosenberg, 1978. Macrobenthos secession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annual Rev., 16: 229–234.Google Scholar
  44. Pielou, E. C., 1966. The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collection. J. Theoret. Biol., 13: 144.Google Scholar
  45. Ragothaman, G., and T. Patil, 1995. Studies on the physicochemical parameters and phytoplankton of Narmada estuary. Enviromedia, 14(2): 221–226.Google Scholar
  46. Rambabu, A.V.S., B.V. Prasad, and M.B. Rao, 1987. Response of the mangrove mud snail Terebralia palusris (Linnaeus) Prosobranchia, Otamididae to different substrata: J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 29(1–2): 140–143.Google Scholar
  47. Rathburn, M. J., 1930. The cancroid crabs of America of the families Euryalidae, Portunidae, Atelecyclidae, Cancridae and Xanthidae. Bull. U.S. Natn. Mus., 152: 1–609.Google Scholar
  48. Redding, J. M., and R. L. Cory, 1975. Macroscopic benthic fauna of three tidal creeks adjoining the Rhode river, Maryland. Water Resources Investigation Report. USA, 39–75.Google Scholar
  49. Saisastry, A. G. and R. Chandramohan, 1990. Physicochemical characteristics of Vasishta Godavari estuary, eastcoast of India: Pre-pollution status. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 19: 42–46.Google Scholar
  50. Salzwedal, H., E. Racher, and D. Gerdes, 1985. Benthic macrofauna community in the German bight. Veroff. Inst. Meeresforch, Bremerh., 20: 199–267.Google Scholar
  51. Sanders, H. L., 1968. Marine benthic diversity: a comparative study. American naturalist, 102: 243–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Santhakumaran, L. N., and S. G. Sawant, 1994. Observation on the damage caused by marine fouling organisms to mangrove saplings along Goa coast. J. Tim. Dev. Ass. India, 40(2): 9–19.Google Scholar
  53. Seshappa, G., 1953. Observation on the physical and biological features of the inshore sea bottom along the Malabar coast. Proc. Natn. Inst. Sci. India, 19: 257–279.Google Scholar
  54. Sethuramalingam, S., and S. A. Khan, 1991. Brachyuran crabs of Parangipettai coast. Annamalai University, India, 93pp.Google Scholar
  55. Shannon, C. E., and W. Weaver, 1949. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 117pp.Google Scholar
  56. Shillbeer, N., and J.F. Tapp, 1989. Improvements in the benthic fauna of the Tees estuary after a period of reduced pollution loadings. Mar. Poll. Bull., 20(3): 119–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Sinha, B., A. Choudhury, and Q. H. Baqri, 1986. Studies on the nematodes from mangrove swamps of deltaic Suderbans, West Bengal, India. III. Anoplostoma macrospicullum (A: Nematoda), Curr. Sci., 56(11): 539–540.Google Scholar
  58. Stickland, J. D. H., and T. R. Parsons, 1972. A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Bull. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada, 310pp.Google Scholar
  59. Sultan-Ali, M., K. Krishnamurth and M. J. Prince Jeyaseelan, 1983. Energy flow through the benthic ecosystem of the mangroves with special reference to nematodes. Mahasagar, 16: 317–325.Google Scholar
  60. Untawale, A.G., and A. H. Parulekar, 1976. Some observation on the ecology of an estuarine mangrove of Goa. Mahasagar-Bull. Natn. Inst. Oceanogr., 9(1–2): 57–62.Google Scholar
  61. Upadhyay, S., 1988. Physico-chemical characteristics of the Mahanadi estuarine ecosystem, eastcoast of India. Indian J. Mar. Sci., 17: 19–23.Google Scholar
  62. Vijayakumar, S., K. M. Rajan, R. M. Mridula, and V. Hariharan, 2000. Seasonal distribution and behavior of nutrients with reference to tidal rhythm in the Mulki estuary, southwest coast of India. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. India, 42(1–2): 21–24.Google Scholar
  63. Vijayalakshmi, R. N., K. Govindan, N. Ramaiah, and S. N. Gajabhiye, 1993. Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh. J. Indian. Fish. Ass., 23: 91–103.Google Scholar
  64. Warren, J. H., and A. J. Underwood, 1986. Effects of burrowing crabs on the topography of mangroves swamps in New Southwales. J. Exper. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 102: 223–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Williams, A. B., 1984. Shrimps, Lobsters and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of Eastern United Stated, Main Florida. Smith-sonian Institution Press, Washington, 550pp.Google Scholar
  66. Zingde, M. D., S. A. H. Abidi, P. Sarma, and M. A. Rokade, 1987. Base water quality of Thailand I: Contributions in marine sciences. Dr. S. Z. Qasim, Sixteenth Birthday Felicitation Volume, 307–318.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Saravanakumar
    • 1
  • J. Sesh Serebiah
    • 2
  • G. A. Thivakaran
    • 2
  • M. Rajkumar
    • 1
  1. 1.CAS in Marine BiologyAnnamalai UniversityParangipettaiIndia
  2. 2.Gujarat Institute of Desert EcologyBhuj, GujaratIndia

Personalised recommendations