Optoelectronics Letters

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 401–404 | Cite as

Reusing of transmitted light by localized surface plasmon enhancing of Ag nanoparticles in organic solar cells

  • Chao Wang (王超)
  • Wen-jing Qin (秦文静)
  • Chun-yu Ma (马春宇)
  • Qiang Zhang (张强)
  • Li-ying Yang (杨利营)
  • Shou-gen Yin (印寿根)


Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are synthesized with chemical method, which are introduced into the traditional organic photovoltaic (OPV) structure. The experimental results show that both the optical and photoelectric properties are enhanced because of localized surface plasmon (LSP) effects of Ag NPs. The advantage of adding Ag NPs behind active layer in incident direction is discussed. We believe this route can avoid absorption shadow and enhance the reusing of transmitted light of active layer. The average short-circuit current (J SC) of the optimum device can be raised from 9.23 mA/cm2 to 10.84 mA/cm2, and the energy converting efficiency (PCE) can be raised from 3.22% to 3.85%.


Active Layer Apply Physic Letter Localize Surface Plas Resonance Field PCBM Active Layer Localize Surface Plas Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    G. Yu, J. Gao, J. C. Hummelen, F. Wudl and A. J. Heeger, Science 270, 1789 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    L. M. Chen, Z. Hong, G. Li and Y. Yang, Advanced Materials 21, 1434 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    R. Po, M. Maggini and N. Camaioni, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, 695 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Jin Young Kim, Kwanghee Lee, Nelson E. Coates, Daniel Moses, Thuc-Quyen Nguyen, Mark Dante and Alan J. Heeger, Science 317, 222 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    C. Cocoyer, L. Rocha, L. Sicot, B. Geffroy, R. de Bettignies, C. Sentein, C. Fiorini-Debuisschert and P. Raimond, Applied Physics Letters 88, 133108 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    HE Zu-ming, XIA Yong-mei, WAANG Qing and ZHANG Xiaonan, Journal of Optoelectronics Laser 22, 219 (2011).Google Scholar
  7. [6]
    HE Zu-ming, XIA Yong-mei, WANG Qing and ZHANG Xiaonan, Journal of Optoelectronics Laser 22, 219 (2011). (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. [7]
    H. Raether, Surface Plasmons, Springer-Verlag Berlin, 1988.Google Scholar
  9. [8]
    H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, Applied Physics Letters 69, 2327 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [9]
    F. Beck, A. Polman and K. Catchpole, Journal of Applied Physics 105, 114310 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [10]
    Linfang Qiaoa, Dan Wanga, Lijian Zuob, Yuqian Yea, Jun Qiana, Hongzheng Chenb and Sailing He, Applied Energy 88, 848 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [11]
    X. Chen, C. Zhao, L. Rothberg and M. K. Ng, Applied Physics Letters 93, 123302 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [12]
    Seok-Soon Kim, Seok-In Na, Jang Jo, Dong-Yu Kim and Yoon-Chae Nah, Applied Physics Letters 93, 073307 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [13]
    LI Hai-jun, ZHANG Xiao-dong, WANG Min-rui, LIN Wenkui, SHI Wen-hua, ZHONG Fei and ZHANG Bao-shun, Optoelectronics Letters 6, 211 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [14]
    Qingbo Zhang, Jianping Xie, Jinhua Yang and Jim Yang Lee, ACS Nano 3, 139 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [15]
    Woo-Jun Yoona, Kyung-Young Junga, Jiwen Liub, Thirumalai Duraisamyb, Rao Revurb, Fernando L. Teixeiraa, Suvankar Senguptab and Paul R. Berger, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 94, 128 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [16]
    J. Bellessa, C. Bonnand, J. C. Plenet and J. Mugnier, Physic al Review Letters 93, 36404 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [17]
    P. Kik and M. Brongersma, Springer Series in Optical Sciences 31, 1 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [18]
    T. D. Heidel, J. K. Mapel, M. Singh, K. Celebi and M. A. Baldo, Applied Physics Letters 91, 093506 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [19]
    D. Duchea, P. Torchioa, L. Escoubasa, F. Monestiera, J.-J. Simona, F. Floryb and G. Mathian, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 93, 1377 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [20]
    D. D. Evanoff Jr and G. Chumanov, Journal of Physical Chemistry B 108, 13957 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [21]
    C. J. Brabec, A. Cravino, D. Meissner, N. S. Sariciftci, T. Fromherz, M. T. Rispens, L. Sanchez and J. C. Hummelen, Advanced Functional Materials 11, 374 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [22]
    B. P. Rand, D. P. Burk and S. R. Forrest, Physical Review B 75, 115327 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [23]
    A. Gadisaa, F. Zhang, D. Sharma, M. Svensson, M. R. Andersson and O. Inganäs, Thin Solid Films 515, 3126 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Tianjin University of Technology and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Wang (王超)
    • 1
  • Wen-jing Qin (秦文静)
    • 1
  • Chun-yu Ma (马春宇)
    • 1
  • Qiang Zhang (张强)
    • 1
  • Li-ying Yang (杨利营)
    • 1
  • Shou-gen Yin (印寿根)
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Display Materials and Photoelectric Devices, Education Ministry of China, Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photoelectric Materials and Devices, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin University of TechnologyTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations