Optoelectronics Letters

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 101–104 | Cite as

Refractive index and temperature dependent displacements of resonant peaks of long period grating inscribed in hydrogen loaded SMF-28 fiber

  • T. M. Libish
  • M. C. Bobby
  • J. Linesh
  • S. Mathew
  • C. Pradeep
  • V. P. N. Nampoori
  • P. Radhakrishnan
Article

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of refractive index (RI) of surrounding medium and ambient temperature on the transmission characteristics of a long period grating (LPG) are experimentally analyzed. The spectral behavior of LPG is investigated when the ambient index is higher or lower than that of the cladding material. The results show that the refractive index sensitivity of lower order attenuation bands is very low compared with that of the highest order attenuation band. But in the case of temperature, the lower order attenuation bands of the LPG can also exhibit good sensitivity like the higher-order bands.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. G. Korolev, A. S. Bozhkov, A. S. Kurkov and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electronics 35, 1085 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    M. Das and K. Thyagarajan, Opt. Commun. 190, 159 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark and A. M. Vengsarkar, Opt. Lett. 22, 883 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Zhu Y, Lu C, B. M. Lacquet, P. L. Swart and S. J. Spammer, Opt. Commun. 208, 337 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, P. J. Lemaire, N. S. Bergano and C. B. Davidson, Opt. Lett. 21, 336 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    S. W James and R. P Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    B. H. Lee, Y. Liu, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi and J. N. Jang, Opt. Lett. 22, 1769 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    J. H. Chong, Ping Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, Chao Lu and Yinian Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    F. J. O. Flaherty, Z. Ghassemlooy, P. S. Mangat and K. P. Dowker, Microwave and Optical Technol. Lett. 42, 402 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    S. Khaliq, S. W James and R. P Tatam, Meas. Sci. Technol. 13 (2002), 792.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Ruan Ju-an, Zeng Qing-ke, Qin Zi-xiong, Liang Wei-yuan and Huang Ping, Optoelectronics Lett. 4, 0114 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    V. Bhatia, Opt. Exp. 4, 457 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    H. J. Patrick, A. D. Kersey and F. Bucholtz, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1606 (1998).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    X. W. Shu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255 (2002).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    O. Duhem, J. Fraòois Henninot, M. Warenghem and M. Douay, Appl. Opt. 37, 7223 (1998).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    H. Tsuda and K. Urabe, Sensors 9, 4559 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Y. Koyamada, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 308 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Tianjin University of Technology and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. M. Libish
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. C. Bobby
    • 1
  • J. Linesh
    • 1
  • S. Mathew
    • 1
  • C. Pradeep
    • 1
  • V. P. N. Nampoori
    • 1
  • P. Radhakrishnan
    • 1
  1. 1.International School of PhotonicsCochin University of Science and TechnologyCochinIndia
  2. 2.S.C.T. College of EngineeringTrivandrumIndia

Personalised recommendations