Complex Analysis and Operator Theory

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 627–649 | Cite as

Complex Positive Definite Functions on Strips



We characterize a holomorphic positive definite function f defined on a horizontal strip of the complex plane as the Fourier–Laplace transform of a unique exponentially finite measure on \({\mathbb R}\). With this characterization, the classical theorems of Bochner on positive definite functions and of Widder on exponentially convex functions become respectively the real and imaginary sections of the corresponding complex integral representation. We provide minimal holomorphy assumptions for this characterization and derive conclusions for meromorphic functions under minimal positive definiteness conditions. Further characterizations are derived from conditions on the derivatives of f arising from the study of the usual concepts of moment, moment-generating function and characteristic function in this context.


Positive definite functions Fourier–Laplace transform  Complex analysis Characteristic functions Moment-generating functions Exponentially convex functions Meromorphic functions Zeta function 

Mathematics Subject Classification

Primary 42A82 Secondary 30A10 30C40 60E10 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dep. MatemáticaFCUL and CMAFLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Área Departamental de MatemàticaISELLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Dep. MatemáticaFCULLisbonPortugal

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