Designing an in situ remediation strategy for polluted surface water bodies through the specific regulation of microbial community

  • Boran Wu
  • Xiaoli ChaiEmail author
  • Youcai Zhao
  • Xiaohu Dai
Short Communication


This paper proposes an in situ restoration strategy, ecosystem activation system (EAS), for selfpurification abilities of polluted water ecosystems through the specific regulation of microbial community. EAS utilizes polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) to modify indigenous microbial communities of polluted water bodies. Microorganisms preferentially utilizing PHA as the carbon source for their enhanced growth are defined as specific, and those with no special selectivity to PHA and raw-water dissolved organic matter are defined as non-specific and can be phased out during EAS operation. As a result, the microbial community can be regulated to the specific structure, which is beneficial for the water quality improvement. The developed model described the above principle with accounting for the growth kinetics of specific microorganisms, competitive inhabitation of specific microorganisms on non-specific microorganisms, and coupled EAS-induced self-purification of polluted water bodies. The conceptual model is believed to be a primary step toward quantitative design, operation, and optimization of EAS.


Remediation Surface water Polyhydroxyalkanoates Microbial proliferation 



This work was supported by China Scholarship Council (No. 201706260106), Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (No. 2017ZX07202-002-04) and Shanghai Tongji Gao Tingyao Environmental Science & Technology Development Foundation.We also thank Prof. Timothy Strathmann at Colorado School of Mines, CO, USA for his valuable suggestions on our paper-writing.


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boran Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoli Chai
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Youcai Zhao
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xiaohu Dai
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, College of Environmental Science and EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringColorado School of MinesGoldenUSA
  3. 3.Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological SecurityShanghaiChina

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