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Journal of Central South University

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 1417–1427 | Cite as

Effect of blade pitch angle on aerodynamic performance of straight-bladed vertical axis wind turbine

  • Li-xun Zhang (张立勋)
  • Ying-bin Liang (梁迎彬)Email author
  • Xiao-hong Liu (刘小红)
  • Jian Guo (郭健)
Article

Abstract

Wind energy is one of the most promising renewable energy sources, straight-bladed vertical axis wind turbine (S-VAWT) appears to be particularly promising for the shortage of fossil fuel reserves owing to its distinct advantages, but suffers from poor self-starting and low power coefficient. Variable-pitch method was recognized as an attractive solution to performance improvement, thus majority efforts had been devoted into blade pitch angle effect on aerodynamic performance. Taken into account the local flow field of S-VAWT, mathematical model was built to analyze the relationship between power outputs and pitch angle. Numerical simulations on static and dynamic performances of blade were carried out and optimized pitch angle along the rotor were presented. Comparative analyses of fixed pitch and variable-pitch S-VAWT were conducted, and a considerable improvement of the performance was obtained by the optimized blade pitch angle, in particular, a relative increase of the power coefficient by more than 19.3%. It is further demonstrated that the self-starting is greatly improved with the optimized blade pitch angle.

Key words

straight-bladed vertical axis wind turbine pitch angle numerical simulation self-starting power coefficient 

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Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-xun Zhang (张立勋)
    • 1
  • Ying-bin Liang (梁迎彬)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiao-hong Liu (刘小红)
    • 1
  • Jian Guo (郭健)
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina

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