Skip to main content
Log in

Changing Connectivities of Chinese Cities in the World City Network, 2010–2016

  • Published:
Chinese Geographical Science Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Against the backdrop of the sizable economic growth of China in recent years, this paper uses the most recent data gathering of the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) research network to update and supplement earlier research on the shifting global connectivity of Chinese cities. The update consists of an evaluation of the connectivity of Chinese cities in 2016, the supplement of an analysis of the changing position of Chinese cities in the world city network between 2010 and 2016. To this end, we build on a specification of the world city network as an ‘interlocking network’ in which producer services firms play the crucial role in city network formation. Information about the presence of leading producer services firms in cities in 2010 and 2016 is used as the input to a bipartite network projection algorithm in order to measure cities’ network connectivity. The first set of results discusses the geographies of urban connectivity in the world city network in 2016. The second set of results discusses standardized measures of change to reveal the major dimensions of the transformations between 2010 and 2016. We find that, with the exception of Hong Kong, Macau and Kaohsiung of Taiwan, all Chinese cities record connectivity gains. This wholesale rise in connectivity is nonetheless geographically uneven, with above all Beijing, Chengdu/Chongqing and Changsha/Wuhan becoming more connected. We conclude that the wholesale rise of Chinese cities in the world city network and their changing trajectories in the post-crisis era are embedded in shifting external and internal political economies.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Bassens D, van Meeteren M, 2015. World cities under conditions of financialized globalization: towards an augmented world city hypothesis. Progress in Human Geography, 39(6): 752–775. doi: 10.1177/0309132514558441

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Breslin S, 2011. China and the crisis: global power, domestic caution and local initiative. Contemporary Politics, 17(2): 185–200. doi: 10.1080/13569775.2011.565987

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Burdekin R C K, Weidenmier M D, 2015. Assessing the impact of the Chinese stimulus package at home and abroad: a damp squib? China Economic Review, 33: 137–162. doi: 10.1016/j.chieco.2015.01.011

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Calkins J, 2013. Banking abroad: the globalization of Chinese banks. In: CKGSB Knowledge. Available via http://knowledge.ckgsb.edu.cn/2013/03/28/china/banking-abroad-the-globalizati on-of-chinese-banks/.Cited 04 Jan 2017.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chan G, 2012. China’s response to the global financial crisis and its regional leadership in East Asia. Asia Europe Journal, 9(2–4): 197–209. doi: 10.1007/s10308-012-0306-6

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chen Ruijie, 2011. World economics pattern change and China export-orient economy reforming. International Business Research, 32(4): 3–8, 60. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Derudder B, Taylor P J, Ni P F et al., 2010. Pathways of change: shifting connectivities in the world city network, 2000-08. Urban Studies, 47(9): 1861–1877. doi: 10.1177/0042098010372682

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Derudder B, Taylor P J, Hoyler M et al., 2013a. Measurement and interpretation of connectivity of Chinese cities in world city network, 2010. Chinese Geographical Science, 23(3): 261–273. doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0604-y

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Derudder B, Hoyler M, Taylor P J, 2013b. The network dimension. In: Acuto M and Steele W (eds). Global City Challenges: Debating a Concept, Improving the Practice. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 33–46. doi: 10.1057/9781137286871_3

    Google Scholar 

  • Derudder B, Taylor P J, 2016. Change in the world city network, 2000-2012. The Professional Geographer, 68(4): 624–637. doi: 10.1080/00330124.2016.1157500

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ducruet C, Cuyala S, Hosni A E et al., 2017. The long-term dynamic of Chinese cities in global shipping network (1890–2010). Chinese Geographical Science, this issue.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fan Jie, Sun Wei, Zhou Kan et al., 2012. Major function oriented zone: new method of spatial regulation for reshaping regional development pattern in China. Chinese Geographical Science, 22(2): 196–209. doi: 10.1007/s11769-012-0528-y

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frank A G, Denemark R A, 2014. Reorienting the 19th Century: Global Economy in the Continuing Asian Age. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Garrett G, 2010. G2 in G20: China, the United States and the world after the global financial crisis. Global Policy, 1(1): 29–39. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-5899.2009.00014.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Harrison J, Hoyler M, 2015. Megaregions: Globalization’s New Urban Form? Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Pub. Ltd.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Hu Angang, Gao Yunning, Yan et al., 2014. China’s role in the rising of the south: vision for 2030. IDS Bulletin, 45(4): 6–21. doi: 10.1111/1759-5436.12089

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hu F Z Y, 2015. Industrial capitalisation and spatial transformation in Chinese cities: strategic repositioning, state-owned enterprise capitalisation, and the reproduction of urban space in Beijing. Urban Studies, 52(15): 2799–2821. doi: 10.1177/0042098015590989

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ji M J, Li M M, King B, 2016. Incremental effects of the Shanghai free-trade zone-an internet informed assessment of Hong Kong’s tourism competitiveness. Journal of China Tourism Research, 12(1): 24–41. doi: 10.1080/19388160.2015.1137851

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lai K, 2012. Differentiated markets: Shanghai, Beijing and Hong Kong in China’s financial centre network. Urban Studies, 49(6): 1275–1296. doi: 10.1177/0042098011408143

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li Xiaojiang, 2012. The diamond structure: on the evolution of the national spatial strategy. Urban Planning Forum, (2): 1–8. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Li Jie, Liu Xingjian, Liu Jianzheng et al., 2016. City profile: Taipei. Cities, 55: 1–8. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2016.03.007

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu X J, Derudder B, Wu K, 2016. Measuring polycentric urban development in China: an intercity transportation network perspective. Regional Studies, 50(8): 1302–1315. doi: 10.1080/00343404.2015.1004535

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu X J, Derudder B, Wang M, 2017. Polycentric urban develop ment in China: A multi-scale analysis. Environment and Planning B, in press. doi: 10.1177/2399808317690155

    Google Scholar 

  • Ma X L, Timberlake M F, 2008. Identifying China’s leading world city: a network approach. GeoJournal, 71(1): 19–35. doi: 10.1007/s10708-008-9146-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meyer D R, 2016. Shenzhen in China’s financial center networks. Growth and Change, 47(4): 572–595. doi: 10.1111/grow.12162

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Neal Z, 2014. Validity in world city network measurements. Tijdschrift Voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 105(4): 427–443. doi: 10.1111/tesg.12094

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Orozco-Pereira R, Derudder B, 2010. Determinants of Dynamics in the World City Network, 2000-2004. Urban Studies, 47(9): 1949–1967. Doi: 10.1177/0042098010372678

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pan F H, Bi W K, Lenzer J et al., 2017a. Mapping urban networks through inter-firm service relationships: the case of China. Urban Studies. doi: 10.1177/0042098016685511

    Google Scholar 

  • Pan F H, Bi W K, Sigler T et al., 2017b. Integration of Chinese cities into global financial center networks: an empirical analysis of corporate networks of publicly listed finance firms in China. Chinese Geographical Science, this issue.

    Google Scholar 

  • Robinson J, 2005. Urban geography: world cities, or a world of cities. Progress in Human Geography, 29(6): 757–765. doi: 10.1191/0309132505ph582pr

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sassen S, 1991. The Global City. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sassen S, 1994. Cities in a World Economy. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shen J F, Kee G, 2017. Shanghai: urban development and regional integration through mega projects. In: Shen J F and Kee G (eds). Development and Planning in Seven Major Coastal Cities in Southern and Eastern China. Cham: Springer, 119–151. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-46421-3_5

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor P J, 2001. Specification of the world city network. Geographical Analysis, 33(2): 181–194. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-4632.2001.tb00443.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor P J, 2004. World City Network: A Global Urban Analysis. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Taylor P J, Derudder B, Faulconbridge J et al., 2014. Advanced producer service firms as strategic networks, global cities as strategic places. Economic Geography, 90(3): 267–291. doi: 10.1111/ecge.12040

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor P J, Derudder B, 2016. World City Network: A Global Urban Analysis. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Taylor P J, Ni P F, Liu K, 2016. Global Research of Cities: A Case of Chengdu. Singapore: Springer.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Wang Huiyao, Miao Lu, 2016. China Goes Global: How China’s Overseas Investment is Transforming its Business Enterprises. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Wang J H, 2004. World city formation, geopolitics and local political process: Taipei’s ambiguous development. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(2): 384–400. doi: 10.1111/j.0309-1317.2004.00525.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wójcik D, 2013. The dark side of NY-LON: financial centres and the global financial crisis. Urban Studies, 50(13): 2736–2752. doi: 10.1177/0042098012474513

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Woo W T, Zhang W, 2011. Combating the global financial crisis with aggressive expansionary monetary policy: same medicine, different outcomes in China, The UK and USA. The World Economy, 34(5): 667–686. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2011.01346.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Xiao Lei, Huang Jinchuan, Sun Guiyan, 2011. Temporal-spatial characteristics of evolution of the urban system in Jingjinji metropolitan region. Progress in Geography, 30(2): 215–223. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang Ming, 2009. China’s new international financial strategy amid the global financial crisis. China & World Economy, 17(5): 22–35. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-124X.2009.01164.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhao S X B, 2013. Information exchange, headquarters economy and financial centers development: Shanghai, Beijing and Hong Kong. Journal of Contemporary China, 22(84): 1006–1027. doi: 10.1080/10670564.2013.795313

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ben Derudder.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Derudder, B., Cao, Z., Liu, X. et al. Changing Connectivities of Chinese Cities in the World City Network, 2010–2016. Chin. Geogr. Sci. 28, 183–201 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-018-0938-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-018-0938-6

Keywords

Navigation