Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 351–361 | Cite as

Influence of climate on soil organic carbon in Chinese paddy soils

  • Dandan Wang
  • Yechao Yan
  • Xinhui Li
  • Xuezheng ShiEmail author
  • Zhongqi Zhang
  • David C. Weindorf
  • Hongjie Wang
  • Shengxiang Xu


Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a major component of the global carbon cycle and has a potentially large impact on the greenhouse effect. Paddy soils are important agricultural soils worldwide, especially in Asia. Thus, a better understanding of the relationship between SOC of paddy soils and climate variables is crucial to a robust understanding of the potential effect of climate change on the global carbon cycle. A soil profile data set (n = 1490) from the Second National Soil Survey of China conducted from 1979 to 1994 was used to explore the relationships of SOC density with mean annual temperature (MAT) and mean annual precipitation (MAP) in six soil regions and eight paddy soil subgroups. Results showed that SOC density of paddy soils was negatively correlated with MAT and positively correlated with MAP (P < 0.01). The relationships of SOC density with MAT and MAP were weak and varied among the six soil regions and eight paddy soil subgroups. A preliminary assessment of the response of SOC in Chinese paddy soils to climate indicated that climate could lead to a 13% SOC loss from paddy soils. Compared to other soil regions, paddy soils in Northern China will potentially more sensitive to climate change over the next several decades. Paddy soils in Middle and Lower Yangtze River Basin could be a potential carbon sink. Reducing the climate impact on paddy soil SOC will mitigate the positive feedback loop between SOC release and global climate change.


soil organic carbon paddy soils mean annual temperature mean annual precipitation climate change 


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dandan Wang
    • 1
  • Yechao Yan
    • 1
  • Xinhui Li
    • 1
  • Xuezheng Shi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zhongqi Zhang
    • 3
  • David C. Weindorf
    • 4
  • Hongjie Wang
    • 2
  • Shengxiang Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Geography and Remote SensingNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu Normal UniversityXuzhouChina
  4. 4.Department of Plant and Soil SciencesTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

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