Advertisement

Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 351–361 | Cite as

Influence of climate on soil organic carbon in Chinese paddy soils

  • Dandan Wang
  • Yechao Yan
  • Xinhui Li
  • Xuezheng ShiEmail author
  • Zhongqi Zhang
  • David C. Weindorf
  • Hongjie Wang
  • Shengxiang Xu
Article
  • 108 Downloads

Abstract

Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a major component of the global carbon cycle and has a potentially large impact on the greenhouse effect. Paddy soils are important agricultural soils worldwide, especially in Asia. Thus, a better understanding of the relationship between SOC of paddy soils and climate variables is crucial to a robust understanding of the potential effect of climate change on the global carbon cycle. A soil profile data set (n = 1490) from the Second National Soil Survey of China conducted from 1979 to 1994 was used to explore the relationships of SOC density with mean annual temperature (MAT) and mean annual precipitation (MAP) in six soil regions and eight paddy soil subgroups. Results showed that SOC density of paddy soils was negatively correlated with MAT and positively correlated with MAP (P < 0.01). The relationships of SOC density with MAT and MAP were weak and varied among the six soil regions and eight paddy soil subgroups. A preliminary assessment of the response of SOC in Chinese paddy soils to climate indicated that climate could lead to a 13% SOC loss from paddy soils. Compared to other soil regions, paddy soils in Northern China will potentially more sensitive to climate change over the next several decades. Paddy soils in Middle and Lower Yangtze River Basin could be a potential carbon sink. Reducing the climate impact on paddy soil SOC will mitigate the positive feedback loop between SOC release and global climate change.

Keywords

soil organic carbon paddy soils mean annual temperature mean annual precipitation climate change 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alvarez R, Lavado R S, 1998. Climate, organic matter and clay content relationships in the Pampa and Chaco soils, Argentina. Geoderma, 83: 127–141. doi: 10.1016/S0016-7061(97)00141-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Álvaro-Fuentes J, Easter M, Paustian K, 2012. Climate change effects on organic carbon storage in agricultural soils of northeastern Spain. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 155: 87–94. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2012.04.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Batjes N H, 1996. Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world. European Journal of Soil Science, 47: 151–163. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.1996.tb01386.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bradford M A, Davies C A, Frey S D et al., 2008. Thermal adaptation of soil microbial respiration to elevated temperature. Ecology Letters, 11: 1316–1327. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248. 2008.01251.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brye K R, McMullen R L, Silveira M L et al., 2016. Environmental controls on soil respiration across a southern US climate gradient: a meta-analysis. Geoderma Regional, 7: 110–119. doi: 10.1016/j.geodrs.2016.02.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen L F, He Z B, Du J et al., 2016a. Patterns and environmental controls of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in alpine ecosystems of northwestern China. Catena, 137: 37–43. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2015.08.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen S, Xu C, Yan J et al., 2016b. The influence of the type of crop residue on soil organic carbon fractions: an 11-year field study of rice-based cropping systems in southeast China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 223: 261–269. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.03.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dai W H, Huang Y, 2006. Relation of soil organic matter concentration to climate and altitude in zonal soils of China. Catena, 65: 87–94. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2005.10.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eswaran H, Berg E V D, Reich P, 1993. Organic carbon in soil of the world. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 57: 192–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fantappiè M, L’Abate G, Costantini E A C, 2011. The influence of climate change on the soil organic carbon content in Italy from 1961 to 2008. Geomorphology, 135: 343–352. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.02.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 2008. Statistical Database of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. http://faostat.fao.org/default. aspx2008Google Scholar
  12. Farina R, Seddaiu G, Orsini R et al., 2011. Soil carbon dynamics and crop productivity as influenced by climate change in a rainfed cereal system under contrasting tillage using EPIC. Soil and Tillage Research, 112: 36–46. doi: 10.1016/j.still. 2010.11.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ganuza A, Almendros G, 2003. Organic carbon storage in soils of the Basque Country (Spain): the effect of climate, vegetation type and edaphic variables. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 37: 154–162. doi: 10.1007/s00374-003-0579-4Google Scholar
  14. Gong Zitong. 1999. Chinese Soil Taxonomic Classification. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Hamdi S, Chevallier T, Ben Aïssa N et al., 2011. Short-term temperature dependence of heterotrophic soil respiration after one-month of pre-incubation at different temperatures. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43: 1752–1758. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.05.025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Haque M M, Kim S Y, Kim G W et al., 2015. Optimization of removal and recycling ratio of cover crop biomass using carbon balance to sustain soil organic carbon stocks in a mono-rice paddy system. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 207: 119–125. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2015.03.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. He N P, Wang R M, Zhang Y H et al., 2014. Carbon and nitrogen storage in Inner Mongolian grasslands: relationships with climate and soil texture. Pedosphere, 24: 391–398. doi: 10.1016/S1002-0160(14)60025-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hok L, de Moraes Sá J C, Boulakia S et al., 2015. Short-term conservation agriculture and biomass-C input impacts on soil C dynamics in a savanna ecosystem in Cambodia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 214: 54–67. doi: 10.1016/j.agee. 2015.08.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Homann P S, Sollins P, Chappell H N et al., 1995. Soil organic carbon in a mountainous, forested region: relation to site characteristics Soil Science Society of America Journal, 59: 1468–1475. doi: 10.2136/sssaj1995.03615995005900050037xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hontoria C, Rodríguez-Murillo J C, Saa A, 1999. Relationships between soil organic carbon and site characteristics in Peninsular Spain. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 63: 614–621. doi: 10.2136/sssaj1999.03615995006300030026xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. IUSS Working Group WRB, 2007. World reference base for soil resources 2006, First update 2007. Soil Resources Reports No. 103. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  23. Kibet L C, Blanco-Canqui H, Jasa P, 2016. Long-term tillage impacts on soil organic matter components and related properties on a Typic Argiudoll. Soil and Tillage Research, 155: 78–84. doi: 10.1016/j.still.2015.05.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kirschbaum M U F, 2006. The temperature dependence of organic-matter decomposition–still a topic of debate. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38: 2510–2518. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio. 2006.01.030CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kruse J, Simon J, Rennenberg H, 2013. Chapter 7 -Soil respiration and soil organic matter decomposition in response to climate change. In: Matyssek R et al. (eds.). Developments in Environmental Science. Elsevier, 131–149.Google Scholar
  26. Lal R, 2004. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. Geoderma, 123: 1–22. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lal R, Kimble J M, Levine E et al., 1995. World soils and greenhouse effect: An overview. In: Lal R et al. (eds.). Soils and Global Change. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1–8.Google Scholar
  28. Lassaletta L, Aguilera E, 2015. Soil carbon sequestration is a climate stabilization wedge: comments on Sommer and Bossio (2014). Journal of Environmental Management, 153: 48–49. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.01.038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Li Qingqui. 1992. Paddy Soil of China. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Liu Q H, Shi X Z, Weindorf D C et al., 2006. Soil organic carbon storage of paddy soils in China using the 1:1,000,000 soil database and their implications for C sequestration. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20: GB3024. doi: 10.1029/2006GB 002731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Longbottom T L, Townsend-Small A, Owen L A et al., 2014. Climatic and topographic controls on soil organic matter storage and dynamics in the Indian Himalaya: Potential carbon cycle–climate change feedbacks. Catena, 119: 125–135. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2014.03.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Martin D, Lal T, Sachdev C et al., 2010. Soil organic carbon storage changes with climate change, landform and land use conditions in Garhwal hills of the Indian Himalayan mountains. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 138: 64–73. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2010.04.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Melillo J M, McGuire A D, Kicklighter D W et al., 1993. Global climate change and terrestrial net primary production. Nature, 363: 234–240. doi: 10.1038/363234a0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Muñoz-Rojas M, Doro L, Ledda L et al., 2015. Application of CarboSOIL model to predict the effects of climate change on soil organic carbon stocks in agro-silvo-pastoral Mediterranean management systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 202: 8–16. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2014.12.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. National Soil Survey Office, 1996. Soil Species of China I–VI. Beijing: China Agriculture Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  36. Office for the Second National Soil Survey of China. 1995. Soil Map of People’s Republic of China. Beijing: Mapping Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  37. Olsson A, Campana P E, Lind M et al., 2014. Potential for carbon sequestration and mitigation of climate change by irrigation of grasslands. Applied Energy, 136: 1145–1154. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.08.025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Page A L, Miller R H, Keeney D R, 1982. Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2-Chemical and Microbiological Properties. 2nd edn. ASA, Madison.Google Scholar
  39. Pan G X, Li L Q, Wu L S et al., 2003. Storage and sequestration potential of topsoil organic carbon in China’s paddy soils. Global Change Biology, 10: 79–92. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486. 2003.00717.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pinheiro É F M, de Campos D V B, de Carvalho Balieiro F et al., 2015. Tillage systems effects on soil carbon stock and physical fractions of soil organic matter. Agricultural Systems, 132: 35–39. doi: 10.1016/j.agsy.2014.08.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Qin Falyu, Shi Xuezheng, Xu Shengxiang et al., 2016. Zonal differences in correlation patterns between soil organic carbon and climate factors at multi-extent. Chinese Geographical Science, 26(5): 670–678. doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0736-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Routh J, Hugelius G, Kuhry P et al., 2014. Multi-proxy study of soil organic matter dynamics in permafrost peat deposits reveal vulnerability to climate change in the European Russian Arctic. Chemical Geology, 368: 104–117. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.12.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Shi X Z, Yang R W, Weindorf D C et al., 2010a. Simulation of organic carbon dynamics at regional scale for paddy soils in China. Climatic Change, 102: 579–593. doi: 10.1007/s10584-009-9704-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shi X Z, Yu D S, Warner E D et al., 2006a. Cross-reference system for translating between genetic soil classification of China and soil taxonomy. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 70: 78–83. doi: 10.2136/sssaj2004.0318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Shi X Z, Yu D S, Xu S X et al., 2010b. Cross-reference for relating Genetic Soil Classification of China with WRB at different scales. Geoderma, 155: 344–350. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma. 2009.12.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Shi X Z, Yu D S, Yang G X et al., 2006b. Cross-reference benchmarks for translating the Genetic Soil Classification of China into the Chinese Soil Taxonomy. Pedosphere, 16: 147–153. doi: 10.1016/S1002-0160(06)60037-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sollins P, Homann P, Caldwell B A, 1996. Stabilization and destabilization of soil organic matter: mechanisms and controls. Geoderma, 74: 65–105. doi: 10.1016/S0016-7061(96)00036-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sommer R, and Bossio D, 2014. Dynamics and climate change mitigation potential of soil organic carbon sequestration. Journal of Environmental Management, 144: 83–87. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.05.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Spain A V, 1990. Influence of environmental conditions and some soil chemical properties on the carbon and nitrogen contents of some tropical Australian rainforest soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 28: 825–839. doi: 10.1071/SR9900825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Thomson A M, Izaurralde R C, Rosenberg N J et al., 2006. Climate change impacts on agriculture and soil carbon sequestration potential in the Huang-Hai Plain of China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 114: 195–209. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2005.11.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Toriyama J, Hak M, Imaya A et al., 2015. Effects of forest type and environmental factors on the soil organic carbon pool and its density fractions in a seasonally dry tropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 335: 147–155. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.09.037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wagai R, Mayer L M, Kitayama K et al., 2008. Climate and parent material controls on organic matter storage in surface soils: A three-pool, density-separation approach. Geoderma, 147: 23–33. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.07.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Wan Y, Lin E, Xiong W et al., 2011. Modeling the impact of climate change on soil organic carbon stock in upland soils in the 21st century in China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 141: 23–31. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2011.02.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wang D D, Shi X Z, Lu X X et al., 2010a. Response of soil organic carbon spatial variability to the expansion of scale in the uplands of Northeast China. Geoderma, 154: 302–310. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.10.018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wang D D, Shi X Z, Wang H J et al., 2010b. Scale effect of climate and texture on soil organic carbon in the uplands of Northeast China. Pedosphere, 20: 525–535. doi: 10.1016/S1002-0160(10)60042-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wang D D, Shi X Z, Wang H J et al., 2010c. Scale effect of Climate on soil organic carbon in the uplands of Northeast China. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10: 1007–1017. doi: 10.1007/s11368-009-0129-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wang G, Zhang L, Zhuang Q et al., 2016. Quantification of the soil organic carbon balance in the Tai-Lake paddy soils of China. Soil and Tillage Research, 155: 95–106. doi: 10.1016/j.still.2015.08.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wang M Y, Shi X Z, Yu D S et al., 2013. Regional differences in the effect of climate and soil texture on soil organic carbon. Pedosphere, 23: 799–807. doi: 10.1016/S1002-0160(13)60071-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Wang S Q, Yu G R, Zhao Q J et al., 2005. Spatial characteristics of soil organic carbon storage in China’s croplands. Pedosphere, 15: 417–423.Google Scholar
  60. Wang Z, Liu G B, Xu M X et al., 2012. Temporal and spatial variations in soil organic carbon sequestration following revegetation in the hilly Loess Plateau, China. Catena, 99: 26–33. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2012.07.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Wiesmeier M, Hübner R, Barthold F et al., 2013. Amount, distribution and driving factors of soil organic carbon and nitrogen in cropland and grassland soils of southeast Germany (Bavaria). Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 176: 39–52. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2013.05.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Xiong X, Grunwald S, Myers D B et al., 2014. Interaction effects of climate and land use/land cover change on soil organic carbon sequestration. Science of the Total Environment, 493: 974–982. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Xu S, Shi X, Zhao Y et al., 2011. Carbon sequestration potential of recommended management practices for paddy soils of China, 1980–2050. Geoderma, 166: 206–213. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.08.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Xu Xinwang, Pan Genxing, 2005. The progress in the carbon cycle researches in paddy soil in China. Ecology and Environment, 14: 961–966. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  65. Zeng X, Zhang W, Shen H et al., 2014. Soil respiration response in different vegetation types at Mount Taihang, China. Catena, 116: 78–85. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2013.12.018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Zhang Jiacheng, 1991. Climate of China. Beijing: China Meteorological Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  67. Zhao Y, Shi X, Weindorf D C et al., 2006. Map scale effects on soil organic carbon stock estimation in North China. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 70: 1377–1386. doi: 10.2136/sssaj2004.0165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Zheng G, Jiao C, Zhou S et al., 2016. Analysis of soil chronosequence studies using reflectance spectroscopy. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37: 1881–1901. doi: 10.1080/01431161.2016.1163751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Zheng Z M, Yu G R, Fu Y L et al., 2009. Temperature sensitivity of soil respiration is affected by prevailing climatic conditions and soil organic carbon content: A trans-China based case study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41: 1531–1540. doi: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.04.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dandan Wang
    • 1
  • Yechao Yan
    • 1
  • Xinhui Li
    • 1
  • Xuezheng Shi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zhongqi Zhang
    • 3
  • David C. Weindorf
    • 4
  • Hongjie Wang
    • 2
  • Shengxiang Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Geography and Remote SensingNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu Normal UniversityXuzhouChina
  4. 4.Department of Plant and Soil SciencesTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

Personalised recommendations