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Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 647–657 | Cite as

Spatio-temporal variability of soil water at three seasonal floodplain sites: A case study in Tarim Basin, Northwest China

  • Sven Grashey-JansenEmail author
  • Martin Kuba
  • Bernd Cyffka
  • Ümüt Halik
  • Tayierjiang Aishan
Article

Abstract

The floodplain vegetation of the Tarim River in Northwest China is strongly influenced by irrigated agriculture. The abstraction of river water disturbs the natural dynamics of the floodplain ecosystem. The human impact on the hydrological system by bank dams and the irrigation of cotton plantings have caused adverse changes of the Tarim River and its floodplains, so the current stocks of the typical Tugai vegetation show significant signs of degradation. Field studies of soils and statistical analysis of soil moisture data have shown that the vitality of the Tugai vegetation is primarily determined by its position to the riverbank and the groundwater. There exist complex interactions between soil hydrological conditions and the vitality of the vegetation. But the availability of water is not only influenced by the groundwater level and seasonal flood events. The spatial distribution of stocks at different states of vitality seems also to be decisively influenced by physical soil properties. Our results show that the water supply of plant communities is strongly influenced by the soil texture. Spatial differences of soil moisture and corresponding soil water tensions may be the decisive factors for the zonation of vegetation. Physical soil properties control the water retention and rising of capillary water from deeper soil layers and the phreatic zone and may supply the root systems of the phreatophytic vegetation with water.

Keywords

soil moisture soil texture soil water tensions Tarim River water retention 

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sven Grashey-Jansen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Martin Kuba
    • 2
  • Bernd Cyffka
    • 2
  • Ümüt Halik
    • 2
    • 3
  • Tayierjiang Aishan
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyUniversity of AugsburgAugsburgGermany
  2. 2.Applied Physical GeographyCatholic University of Eichstaett-IngolstadtEichstaettGermany
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology, College of Resources and Environmental ScienceXinjiang UniversityÜrümqiChina

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