Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 354–363 | Cite as

Hollow villages and rural restructuring in major rural regions of China: A case study of Yucheng City, Shandong Province

  • Hu Sun
  • Yansui LiuEmail author
  • Keshuai Xu


The agricultural land resources of China are relatively limited because of its large population. Therefore, balancing the land use for industrialization, urbanization, and food security is a big challenge. In recent years, rural hollowing in China has resulted in numerous of abandoned rural houses, and the areas with abandoned houses need to be restored into agricultural land with effective land consolidation techniques. This study used the method of benefit-cost analysis and the data collected through field surveys conducted in Yucheng City in the northwest of Shandong Province in March 2009, to examine how hollow villages (HVs) to be created and how to solve the problem. The qualitative and quantitative analyses indicate following results. 1) The situation of HVs is becoming increasingly severe under rapid industrialization and urbanization in Yucheng City. 2) Poor infrastructure in rural areas and incomplete urbanization are the main factors that have led to the rural hollowing in many major rural regions of China. 3) In order to resolve the problem caused by HVs and increase agricultural land, reconstructing rural communities in the countryside is necessary. 4) A new mechanism in the provision of compensation funds by developed regions to the villages in less-developed regions must be established.


hollow villages (HVs) village regrouping rural restructuring Yucheng City 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cheng Liansheng, Feng Wenyong, Jiang Lihong, 2001. The analysis of rural settlement hollowizing system of the southeast of Taiyuan basin. Acta Ceographica Sinica, 56(4): 437–446. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. Communs P, 1990. Restructuring agriculture in advance societies: Transformation, crisis and responses. In: Marsden T et al. (eds.). Rural Restructuring: Global Process and Their Responses. London: David Fulton, 45–76.Google Scholar
  3. Feng Wenyong, Chen Xinmei, 2003. Analysis on the rural settlement expansion of the Jinzhong Plain. Human Geography, 18(6): 93–96. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Li Jianwei, Li Haiyan, Liu Xingchang, 2004. The application of analytic hierarchy process in village relocation and combination. Planners, 20(9): 98–100. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Li Haiyan, Quan Dongji, Li Jianwei et al., 2005. A study on the theory and practice of population relocation and annexation of villages. Human Geography, 20(5): 59–61. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Li Peifeng, 2006. Preliminary study of location planning and relocation and combination of regional (or township) villages. Planners, 22(2): 35–36. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Li Qinfang, Xu Xiaoting, Yang Chengbin et al., 2008. The study of the village merging and new socialist countryside construction. Rural Economy, (9): 32–34. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Liu Lin, Liu Changbin, 2002. The village merging and means of implement. City Planning Review, 26(5): 66–67. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Liu Yansui, Liu Yu, Zhai Rongxing, 2009a. Geographical research and optimizing practice of rural hollowing in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 64(10): 1193–1202. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Liu Y S, Wang J Y, Long H L, 2010. Analysis of arable land loss and its impact on rural sustainability in southern Jiangsu Province of China. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(3): 646–653. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.09.028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu Y S, Zhang F G, Zhang Y W, 2009b. Appraisal of typical rural development models during rapid urbanization in the eastern coastal region of China. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 19(5): 557–567. doi: 10.1007/s11442-009-0557-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Long H L, Liu Y S, Li X B et al., 2010. Building new countryside in China: A geographical perspective. Land Use Policy, 27(2): 457–470. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.06.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Long H L, Liu Y S, Wu X Q et al., 2009. Spatio-temporal dynamic patterns of farmland and rural settlements in Su-Xi-Chang region: Implications for building a new countryside in coastal China. Land Use Policy, 26(2): 322–333. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2008.04.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lovering J, 1989. The restructuring debate. In: Peet R (ed.). New Models in Geography, Vol.1. London: Unwin Hyman, 198–223.Google Scholar
  15. Nelson P B, 2001. Rural restructuring in the American west: Land use, family and class discourses. Journal of Rural Studies, 17(4): 395–407. doi: 10.1016/S0743-0167(01)00002-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Song Limin, 2007. An analysis of the level of China’s urbanization. Journal of Liaoning University, 35(3): 115–119. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Song Wei, Zhang Fengrong, Chen Xiwei, 2008. Public participation in village relocation and annexation in land use planning. Resources Science, 30(11): 1994–1998. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Wang Chengxin, Yao Shimou, Chen Caihong, 2005. Empirical study on ‘village hollowing’ in China. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 25(3): 257–262. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Wang F H, 1999. Modeling a central place system with interurban transport costs and complex rural hinterlands. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 29(3): 381–409. doi: 10.1016/S0166-0462(98)00026-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wilson O J, 1995. Rural restructuring and agriculture-rural economy linkages: A New Zealand study. Journal of Rural Studies, 11(4): 417–431. doi: 10.1016/0743-0167(95)00014-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wu Jiali, Chen Yinrong, 2008. Analysis on the problem of hollow village in China based on the land-use Cost. Rural Economy, 24(4): 41–42. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Xiao Bilin, Chen Yinjun, Chen Jing, 2009. New macroscopical trends and characteristic of balance of cultivated land occupation and compensation in China. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 25(8): 299–302. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Xue Li, 2001. Study on the inner-decaying village and the countermeasures with Jiangsu Province as the case. City Planning Review, 25(6): 10–12. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Zhang Zhao, 1998. On the theory of vacant village in Hebei Province. Journal of Hebei Normal University, 22(4): 573–576. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development ModelingChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations