In this study, remote sensing data of Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China in 1996–2001 were selected to extract wetland landscape information. Several landscape indices were used to evaluate the changes of landscape pattern within the five years, including patch number, patch density, patch fractal dimension, landscape diversity, dominance, evenness, and fragmentation indexes. Then, transformation probabilities of wetland landscapes into non-wetland landscapes were calculated based on Markov Model, and on these grounds the relationship between changes of wetland landscape pattern and urban construction was analyzed. The results showed that fragmentation degree of all wetland types increased, lake area declined, and dominance of natural wetland decreased. The reasons for these results were mainly because of urban construction. According to the features of abundant wetland in Wuhan City, we suggested that protection of wetland landscape should cooperate with urban construction, which means wetland should become important part of urban landscape.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Bai Junhong, Ouyang Hua, Yang Zhifeng, 2005. Changes in wetland landscape patterns: A review. Progress in Geography, 24(4): 36–45. ( in Chinese)
Fu Bojie, Chen Lixiang, Ma Keming, 2001. Landscape Ecology Principle and Application. Beijing: Science Press, 202–209. (in Chinese)
Guo Yuedong, He Yanfen, 2005. The dynamics of wetland land-scape and its driving forces in Songnen Plain. Wetland Science, 3(1): 54–59. (in Chinese)
Huang Qunfang, Dong Yawen, Chen Weimin, 2005. Programming of Lake Tianmu Wetland Park based on landscape ecology. Rural Eco-Environment, 21(1): 12–16. (in Chinese)
Lemly D A, Ohlendorf H M, 2002. Regulatory implications of using constructed wetlands to treat selenium-laden wastewater. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 52: 46–56.
Li Xiaowen, Xiao Duning, 2001. The landscape planning scenarios designing and the measures identification in the Liaohe River Delta wetland. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 21(3): 353–364. (in Chinese)
Li Xiuzhen, Bu Rencang, Chang Yu, 2004. The response of landscape metrics against pattern scenarios. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 24(1): 124–125. (in Chinese)
Li Yangfan, Zhu Xiaodong, 2003. Landscape eco-planning for Guan River estuary wetland in Jiangsu Province: Towards sustainable development. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 23(5): 635–640. (in Chinese)
Liu Hailong, Li Dihua, Han Xili, 2005. Review of ecological infrastructure: Concept and development. City Planning Review, 29(9): 70–75. (in Chinese)
Randolph J, 2004. Environmental Land Use Planning and Management. Washington, DC: Island Press, 95–105.
Sun Peng, Wang Zhifang, 2000. The natural landscape of the river and waterfront design in urban areas. City Planning Review, 24(9): 19–22. (in Chinese)
Wang Aihua, Zhang Shuqing, Zhang Bai, 2003. A study on the change of spatial pattern of wetland in the Sanjiang Plain. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 23(2): 237–243. (in Chinese)
Wang Xuelei, Wu Yijin, 2002. The application of the Markov model on the dynamic change of wetland landscape pattern in four-lake area. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University, 21(3): 288–291. (in Chinese)
Wang Yawen, Cao Mingming, 2005. The history and the present of wetlands in Xi’an. Wetland Science, 3(2): 154–159. (in Chinese)
Weber C, Puissant A, 2003. Urbanization pressure and modeling of urban growth: Example of the Tunis metropolitan area. Remote Sensing of Environment, 86: 341–352.
Wu Fenglin, Zhou Demin, Hu Jinming, 2007. Approach on ecological planning of urban wetland on changes of landscape patterns. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 16(3): 368–372. (in Chinese)
Yang Yongxing, 2002. The 21st century hot point and forward position field of international wetland research from Quebec 2000-millennium wetland event. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 22(2): 150–155. (in Chinese)
Yuan Xuying, Tao Yuxiang, 2001. Impacts of urbanization on lake and bay. Volcanology and Mineral Resource, 22(2): 102–114. (in Chinese)
Yue Xie, Wang Yiling, Peng Jian, 2005. A conceptual framework for the study of urban river based on landscape ecology. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 25(6): 1422–1429. (in Chinese)
Foundation item: Under the auspices of the Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. WELF-2004-B010), Hubei Province Science and Technology Project (No. 2007AA401B13)
About this article
Cite this article
Wang, X., Ning, L., Yu, J. et al. Changes of urban wetland landscape pattern and impacts of urbanization on wetland in Wuhan City. Chin. Geogr. Sci. 18, 47–53 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-008-0047-z
- wetland landscape
- urban wetland
- wetland protection
- Wuhan City