Skip to main content

Table 2 Average BCI-VRE performance for five participants with SCI (S1–S5)

From: Brain–computer interfaces for human gait restoration

Subject SCI level Total tests Completion time (s) Stops made
Best day Mean ± std Mean ± std
S1 T11 \(n=29\) 275 ± 45 6.2 ± 1.8
Paraplegia Best day: 5 298 ± 77 6.8 ± 2.3
S2 T1 \(n=25\) 271 ± 66 5.7 ± 2.3
Paraplegia Best day: 5 293 ± 26 8.1 ± 1.2
S3 C5 \(n=24\) 277 ± 65 9.4 ± 1.3
Tetraplegia Best day: 4 231 ± 8 10.0 ± 0.0
S4 T1 \(n=19\) 289 ± 43 8.3 ± 1.8
Paraplegia Best day: 1 264 ± 12 8.9 ± 0.3
S5 T11 \(n=27\) 258 ± 31 7.7 ± 2.1
Paraplegia Best day: 4 260 ± 17 10.0 ± 0.0
MC N/A \(n=5\) 205 ± 4 9.4 ± 0.9
  1. SCI levels and types of paralysis are given in the second column (e.g., T11—the eleventh thoracic vertebra, C5—the fifth cervical vertebra). The third column shows the total number of tests performed and the day at which the best performance was attained. The performance with a manually controlled (MC) joystick is also shown