Survivorship care plan outcomes for primary care physicians, cancer survivors, and systems: a scoping review
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With the focus on survivorship care-coordination between oncology and primary care providers (PCPs), there is a need to assess the research regarding the use of survivorship care plans (SCPs) and determine emerging research areas. We sought to find out how primary care physicians have been involved in the use of SCPs and determine SCP’s effectiveness in improving care for cancer survivors. In this scoping review, we aimed to identify gaps in the current research and reveal opportunities for further research.
We followed the methodology for scoping studies which consists of identifying the research question, locating relevant studies, selecting studies, charting the data, and collating, summarizing, and reporting the results.
Out of 5375 original articles identified in the literature search, 25 met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Eight articles examined PCP-only related outcomes, eight examined survivor-only related outcomes, eight examined mixed outcomes between both groups, and one examined system-based outcomes. Findings highlighted several areas where SCPs may provide benefits, including increased confidence among PCPs in managing the care of survivors and increased quality of life and well-being for survivors. This research also highlighted the need for careful consideration of SCP mode of delivery and content in order to maximize their utility to patients and providers.
Based on the findings of this review, SCPs may benefit providers and health care systems, but the benefits to patients remain unclear. Further research on the potential benefits of SCPs to particular patient populations is warranted.
Implications for Cancer Survivors
SCPs appear to be beneficial to PCPs in improving overall quality of care. However, more work needs to be done to understand the direct impact on cancer survivors.
KeywordsSurvivorship care plans Cancer survivors Primary care providers
L.A.-A. and J.A.’s work on this manuscript was partially supported by a grant from the Merck Foundation Alliance to Advance Patient-Centered Cancer Care.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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